Initial mental representations of design problems: Differences between experts and novices

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Factories | A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2013
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
135-160
Series
Design Studies, Volume 34, Issue 2
Abstract
Defining and structuring wicked design problems has a major influence on subsequent problem solving, and demands a considerable level of skill. Previous research on mental representations in design is scarce, and has been largely based on students or individual experts. This study explored the differences in the initial mental representations of real-life product development problems between advanced product development engineering students and recommended, professional experts. Expert mental representations were found to demonstrate superior extent, depth and level of detail, accommodating more interconnections and being more geared toward action. The results indicate that targeting relevancy perceptions to locate interconnections and promote proactivity can be a key factor in developing product development education to better match the requirements faced by professionals.
Description
Keywords
expertise, product development, design problems, design cognition, specification
Other note
Citation
Björklund, Tua A. 2013. Initial mental representations of design problems: Differences between experts and novices. Design Studies. Volume 34, Issue 2. 135-160. ISSN 0142-694X (printed). DOI: 10.1016/j.destud.2012.08.005.