Impact of Pilot Overhead and Channel Estimation on the Performance of Massive MIMO

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2021-12-01
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
14
8242-8255
Series
IEEE Transactions on Communications, Volume 69, issue 12
Abstract
This paper studies the impact of additional pilot overhead for covariance matrix estimation in a time-division duplexed (TDD) massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system. We choose average uplink (UL) and downlink (DL) spectral efficiencies (SEs) as performance metrics for the massive MIMO system, and derive closed form expressions for them in terms of the additional pilot overhead. The expressions are derived by considering linear minimum mean squared error (LMMSE)-type and element-wise LMMSE-type channel estimates that represent LMMSE and element-wise LMMSE with estimated covariance matrices, respectively. Using these expressions, a detailed theoretical analysis of SE behavior as a function of pilot overhead for both LMMSE-type and element-wise LMMSE-type channel estimation are presented, followed by simulations, which also demonstrate and validate theoretical results.
Description
Publisher Copyright: Author
Keywords
Channel estimation, channel estimation, Coherence, Contamination, covariance estimation, Covariance matrices, Estimation, Massive MIMO, massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), Measurement, pilot contamination, Spectral efficiency
Other note
Citation
Kocharlakota , A K , Upadhya , K & Vorobyov , S A 2021 , ' Impact of Pilot Overhead and Channel Estimation on the Performance of Massive MIMO ' , IEEE Transactions on Communications , vol. 69 , no. 12 , pp. 8242-8255 . https://doi.org/10.1109/TCOMM.2021.3112213