Green hydrogen production for oil refining – Finnish case

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 175
This study investigates the production of green hydrogen for use in oil refining, as specified in the draft of European union delegated act published in May 2022. The European union plans to set strict requirements of additionality and reporting regarding the criteria of renewable electricity used in hydrogen production. Alkaline electrolyzer, proton exchange membrane electrolyzer and solid oxide electrolyzer are evaluated in various scenarios supplied by wind power: power purchase agreement-based scenarios and wind power investment-based scenarios. In power purchase agreement-based scenarios baseload and pay as produced power purchase agreements (with and without electricity storage) are assessed. According to results, the use of 600 MW compressed air energy storage could reduce the dependency on the grid by 7% but increase the cost of green hydrogen significantly. Investment-based scenarios produce green hydrogen with a lower operation cost, but higher break-even price compared to power purchase agreement-based scenarios. The cheapest green hydrogen can be achieved by alkaline electrolyzer with baseload power purchase agreement. Direct ownership of wind power is outside the operation of oil refining industry, thus power purchase agreements contracting is more likely to realize.
Funding Information: This study was funded with the Finnish Academy profiling funding, theme “Powering the Future”, grant 326346 . This study is an academic contribution based on public information sources and the views expressed are only those of the authors. We thank Professor Ali Khosravi for support in developing the storage modeling of this paper. Publisher Copyright: © 2023 The Authors
Electricity market, Green hydrogen price, Power purchase agreement, Renewable electricity, Water electrolysis, Wind power
Other note
Moradpoor, I, Syri, S & Santasalo-Aarnio, A 2023, ' Green hydrogen production for oil refining – Finnish case ', Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 175, 113159 .