Recent updates on correlation between reactive oxygen species and synbiotics for effective management of ulcerative colitis

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A2 Katsausartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
12
1-12
Series
Frontiers in Nutrition, Volume 10
Abstract
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is presently considered a multifactorial pathology, which may lead to persistent inflammatory action of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) because of an improperly managed immunological reactivity to the intestinal microbiota found in the GIT. The immune response to common commensal microbes plays an essential role in intestinal inflammation related to UC synbiotics, and it is an important element in the optimal therapy of UC. Therefore, synbiotics, i.e., a mixture of prebiotics and probiotics, may help control the diseased state. Synbiotics alleviate the inflammation of the colon by lowering the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and improving the level of antioxidant enzymes such as catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), and superoxide dismutase (SOD). Prebiotic supplementation is not a common practice at the moment, despite numerous research findings proving that the benefits of both probiotics and prebiotics encourage their continued existence and positioning in the GIT, with positive effects on human health by managing the inflammatory response. However, the fact that there have been fewer studies on the treatment of UC with different probiotics coupled with selected prebiotics, i.e., synbiotics, and the outcomes of these studies have been very favorable. This evidence-based study explores the possible role of ROS, SOD, and synbiotics in managing the UC. The proposed review also focuses on the role of alteration of gut microbiota, antioxidant defense in the gastrointestinal tract, and the management of UC. Thus, the current article emphasizes oxidative stress signaling in the GI tract, oxidative stress-based pathomechanisms in UC patients, and UC therapies inhibiting oxidative stress’ effects.
Description
Publisher Copyright: Copyright © 2023 Ashique, Mishra, Garg, Sibuh, Taneja, Rai, Djearamane, Wong, Al-Dayan, Roychoudhury, Kesari, Slama, Roychoudhury and Gupta.
Keywords
gut microbiota, inflammation, oxidative stress, superoxide dismutase, synbiotics, ulcerative colitis
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Citation
Ashique, S, Mishra, N, Garg, A, Sibuh, B Z, Taneja, P, Rai, G, Djearamane, S, Wong, L S, Al-Dayan, N, Roychoudhury, S, Kesari, K K, Slama, P, Roychoudhury, S & Gupta, P K 2023, ' Recent updates on correlation between reactive oxygen species and synbiotics for effective management of ulcerative colitis ', Frontiers in Nutrition, vol. 10, 1126579, pp. 1-12 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2023.1126579