Drivers of car ownership in a car-oriented city : A mixed-method study

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2021-01-02
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
26
1-26
Series
Sustainability (Switzerland), Volume 13, issue 2
Abstract
This paper presents a mixed-method analysis of car ownership in Reykjavik, Iceland, a location with a high motorization level and deeply rooted car culture. We utilize qualitative interviews to understand vehicle possession reasons and elaborate the study with statistical analysis using a softGIS survey dataset with characteristics of the respondents and their residential location. We focus on adults aged 25 to 40, who are suggested to be less car-oriented than older generations. We also describe the historic development of Reykjavik’s car culture to give a perspective for the findings. We show that even among the studied age group, car ownership is still seen as a social norm, with few even seeing it possible to live without a car, and the public transport system is seen as giving a poverty stigma. However, we still find an increasing share of car-free households towards the city center. Still, the built environment impact is limited to the city center, which has a higher proportion of small adult-only households residing in shared apartments than other areas. Moreover, there seems to be a three-fold connection between having a child, acquiring a car (if not already possessed), and choosing a suburban residential location. Some indications of residential self-selection related to car ownership were found, but pro-car attitudes and residential location independently influenced car ownership. This study helps to understand the reasons for high car dominance and supports designing policies to reduce car-dependency, not just in Reykjavik but also elsewhere.
Description
Keywords
Built environment, Car ownership, Car-oriented mobility culture, Mixed-method study, Residential self-selection, Transit-oriented development (TOD)
Other note
Citation
Heinonen, J, Czepkiewicz, M, Árnadóttir, Á & Ottelin, J 2021, ' Drivers of car ownership in a car-oriented city : A mixed-method study ', Sustainability (Switzerland), vol. 13, no. 2, 619, pp. 1-26 . https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020619