Frugal energy innovations for developing countries - a framework
School of Science | A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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AbstractFrugal innovations have recently emerged to feature low-cost technologies and busi-ness innovations to serve consumers in emerging markets and improve their qualityof life. Although the concept of frugality is well known, the present literature on frugalenergy innovations, or energy frugality, is scarce, which could lead to overlooking itstrue characteristics. Therefore, we propose a framework for deﬁning energy frugalitybased on a detailed analysis of several low-cost sustainable energy technologies. Theﬁve-criteria assessment method developed will help to identify potential frugal energyinnovations and will increase the adoption of these technologies through bettermatching to local needs. Fuel-efﬁcient biomass cooking stoves, small-scale photovol-taic systems, and pico-grids are examples of such frugal energy technologies.
Frugality, energy frugality, sustainable energy, frugal innovations, resource-scarcity, renewable energy, developing countries
Numminen, Sini & Lund, Peter D. 2016. Frugal energy innovations for developing countries - a framework. Global Challenges. 11. DOI: 10.1002/gch2.1012.