Interpretation of Nordic light in the Sara Hilden Art museum design

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School of Arts, Design and Architecture | Master's thesis
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Arkkitehtuurin maisteriohjelma
Inspired by the Nordic light and the mystical air glow, this thesis explores the unique features of the Scandinavian environment and its impact on art and architecture. With careful treatment of the subtle daylight, Scandinavian architects direct the flow of light to the interiors and enhance its fragile beauty, rooting the buildings to vernacular architecture and their geographic location. Likewise, the phenomena of fluidity and openness of space are studied through relevant case studies. The fluid structures, accessible for all users, are not only architecturally pleasant and provide smooth navigation, but also encourage social interaction which is vital for a healthy society enhancing the exchange of ideas and people collaboration. To gain a deeper understanding of sunlight behaviour in relation to architectural forms and to create a fluid space which would naturally navigate its users, a number of experiments were conducted using computational tools, such as Rhino 3D, Grasshopper and Galapagos. The experimentation stage raises the question of applying purely computational techniques and the value of personal intuition, experimentation, and creativity. Furthermore, for the practical implementation of the Nordic traditions, the experience of Scandinavian masters, as well as the results of personal experiments, the conceptual designs of the Sara Hildén Art Museum’s building would be proposed. The designed structure is aimed to provide the building form, which would capture sunlight and allocate it to the underground floors, where the direct light has to be tempered by multiple reflections. Thus, the museum exposition, located on the underground floors, will be illuminated exclusively by diffused light, in a way that is harmless to artworks. Whilst the ground floor, which houses public areas would be flooded with Scandinavian unique sun. Moreover, in order to fit the building to its context and enrich the urban fabric and society, the idea of vibrant fluid space is put into practice. Museum’s fluidity initiates from its inherent artificial landscape, which connects parts of the district with provided services on the ground floor, combined with continuous smooth circulation throughout the exhibition spaces. Thus, designed Sara Hildén Art Museum would be an important facility that serves many functions and facilitates interactive events and the exchange of ideas. Art would play the primary role in this space, but it can also be used for a variety of different types of events and gatherings, enhancing their special quality. Likewise, the museum’s impressive architecture would contribute to its appeal and recognition.
Kotnik, Toni
Thesis advisor
Kotnik, Toni
architecture, museum, exhibition architecture, design, computational, light art, environmental, nordic
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