A data mining-then-predict method for proactive maritime traffic management by machine learning

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Volume 135
Proactive traffic management is increasingly critical in maritime intelligent transportation systems. Central to this is maritime traffic forecasting, which leverages specific structures and properties of the problem. This study focuses on the traffic dynamics within convergent areas of inland waterways and proposes a method based on data mining followed by prediction using Automatic Identification System (AIS) data. This approach addresses uncertainties in ship voyage destinations and optimizes predictions for temporary stops in inland waterways. AIS data is processed to depict complete ship motion trajectories, grouping them into trajectory sets based on shared origin, destination, and route. These groups help represent maritime traffic patterns using the entrance and exit points of channels and the boundaries of the study area. Additionally, a stop detection model is applied to these trajectories to identify nodes within maritime traffic networks. A decision tree algorithm is then employed to train a classifier for predicting traffic patterns. The method was validated in the convergent area of the Yangtze River and the Hanjiang River, demonstrating effective pattern extraction from inland maritime traffic and high accuracy in predicting single ship trajectories, achieving a 96.7% accuracy rate and 80.9% precision. The findings suggest that the proposed method (1) effectively extracts and predicts traffic patterns, (2) identifies congestion in convergent waters, and (3) supports traffic management strategies.
Publisher Copyright: © 2024 The Authors
Automatic identification system data, Machine learning, Maritime traffic management, Traffic pattern extraction and prediction
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Liu, Z, Chen, W, Liu, C, Yan, R & Zhang, M 2024, ' A data mining-then-predict method for proactive maritime traffic management by machine learning ', Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, vol. 135, 108696 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engappai.2024.108696