AspenPlus-based techno-economic analysis of solar-assisted sorption-enhanced gasification for hydrogen and chemicals recovery from polyethylene terephthalate waste

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2024-04-15
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
13
Series
Energy Conversion and Management, Volume 306
Abstract
Although the recycling of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles is well-operating in several countries, less than 10% of PET plastic waste was recycled in a closed loop globally, and the rest was discarded as leakage. A process to recover hydrogen and valuable chemicals through solar-assisted PET sorption-enhanced gasification was analyzed. PET steam gasification with CaO and solar-assisted calcium looping processes were already experimentally studied in our previous work to obtain optimized processing conditions. In this paper, the integrated process with product purification, steam power plant, and LiBr-H2O absorption chiller was simulated with Aspen Plus based on previous experimental results to investigate the techno-economic performance. Material flows, energy balance, exergy destruction, and economics were analyzed. Day and night mode operations at different seasons were evaluated based on energy balance and the weather conditions of Naples, Italy. The energy and exergy efficiencies of day and night modes varied between 62%–72%. The annual production yields of hydrogen and benzene were 684 t and 6286 t, respectively. Due to the high production of benzene, its higher price (>1092 €/t) would make the project feasible with a larger than 12% internal rate of return value and competitive break-even hydrogen price (less than 4 €/kg). The results show that this integrated process could be technically and economically feasible. It has the potential to be implemented for hydrogen and benzene recovery from PET plastic waste with sustainable solar heat source and zero fossil CO2 emissions.
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Keywords
Sorption-enhanced gasification, Hydrogen, Solar heat, PET, Process simulation
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Citation
Li, S, Laukkanen, T, Jiang, D, Vuorinen, V & Järvinen, M 2024, ' AspenPlus-based techno-economic analysis of solar-assisted sorption-enhanced gasification for hydrogen and chemicals recovery from polyethylene terephthalate waste ', Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 306, 118318 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2024.118318