Interfacial Engineering of Semiconductor-Superconductor Junctions for High Performance Micro-Coolers

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2015
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Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
1-10
Series
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Volume 5
Abstract
The control of electronic and thermal transport through material interfaces is crucial for numerous micro and nanoelectronics applications and quantum devices. Here we report on the engineering of the electro-thermal properties of semiconductor-superconductor (Sm-S) electronic cooler junctions by a nanoscale insulating tunnel barrier introduced between the Sm and S electrodes. Unexpectedly, such an interface barrier does not increase the junction resistance but strongly reduces the detrimental sub-gap leakage current. These features are key to achieving high cooling power tunnel junction refrigerators, and we demonstrate unparalleled performance in silicon-based Sm-S electron cooler devices with orders of magnitudes improvement in the cooling power in comparison to previous works. By adapting the junctions in strain-engineered silicon coolers we also demonstrate efficient electron temperature reduction from 300 mK to below 100 mK. Investigations on junctions with different interface quality indicate that the previously unexplained sub-gap leakage current is strongly influenced by the Sm-S interface states. These states often dictate the junction electrical resistance through the well-known Fermi level pinning effect and, therefore, superconductivity could be generally used to probe and optimize metal-semiconductor contact behaviour.
Description
VK: Low Temperature Laboratory
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Citation
Gunnarsson , D , Richardson-Bullock , J S , Prest , M J , Nguyen , H Q , Timofeev , A V , Shah , V A , Whall , T E , Parker , E H C , Leadley , D R , Myronov , M , Prunnila , M & Richardson-Bullock , J 2015 , ' Interfacial Engineering of Semiconductor-Superconductor Junctions for High Performance Micro-Coolers ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 5 , 17398 , pp. 1-10 . https://doi.org/10.1038/srep17398