Generalized Kakeya sets for polynomial evaluation and faster computation of fermionants

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Conference article in proceedings
Date
2018-02-01
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Language
en
Pages
1-13
Series
12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation, IPEC 2017, Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics, Volume 89
Abstract
We present two new data structures for computing values of an n-variate polynomial P of degree at most d over a finite field of q elements. Assuming that d divides q-1, our first data structure relies on (d+1)n+2 tabulated values of P to produce the value of P at any of the qn points using O(nqd2) arithmetic operations in the finite field. Assuming that s divides d and d/s divides q-1, our second data structure assumes that P satisfies a degree-separability condition and relies on (d/s + 1)n+s tabulated values to produce the value of P at any point using O(nqssq) arithmetic operations. Our data structures are based on generalizing upper-bound constructions due to Mockenhaupt and Tao (2004), Saraf and Sudan (2008), and Dvir (2009) for Kakeya sets in finite vector spaces from linear to higher-degree polynomial curves. As an application we show that the new data structures enable a faster algorithm for computing integer-valued fermionants, a family of self-reducible polynomial functions introduced by Chandrasekharan and Wiese (2011) that captures numerous fundamental algebraic and combinatorial invariants such as the determinant, the permanent, the number of Hamiltonian cycles in a directed multigraph, as well as certain partition functions of strongly correlated electron systems in statistical physics. In particular, a corollary of our main theorem for fermionants is that the permanent of an m × m integer matrix with entries bounded in absolute value by a constant can be computed in time 2m-Ω(√m/log log m), improving an earlier algorithm of Björklund (2016) that runs in time 2m-Ω(√m/logm).
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Keywords
Besicovitch set, Fermionant, Finite field, Finite vector space, Hamiltonian cycle, Homogeneous polynomial, Kakeya set, Permanent, Polynomial evaluation, Tabulation
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Citation
Björklund , A , Kaski , P & Williams , R 2018 , Generalized Kakeya sets for polynomial evaluation and faster computation of fermionants . in 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation, IPEC 2017 . , 6 , Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics , vol. 89 , Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik , pp. 1-13 , International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation , Vienna , Austria , 06/09/2017 . https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.6