Furfural Hydrotreatment Applying Isopropanol as a Solvent

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2017-11-01
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
9
1473-1481
Series
Topics in Catalysis, Volume 60, issue 17-18
Abstract
In this study, acetone formation was investigated as a side reaction in furfural hydrotreatment applying isopropanol as a solvent. Acetone formation was observed to depend strongly on the metal and metal loading of catalysts as copper, nickel, and iron catalysts supported on activated carbon were studied. Furfural has an important role in acetone formation: the initial formation rate for acetone was high as long as furfural reacted further. After furfural was consumed the acetone formation decelerated except with the catalysts including iron. Two formation mechanisms were derived: first mechanism includes direct and transfer hydrogenation of furfural and isopropanol dehydrogenation, as mechanism two consists only of isopropanol dehydrogenation. Another novel discovery of the study was the confirmation of the formation mechanism for 2-methylfuran through transfer hydrogenation of furfuryl alcohol in the experiments. In conclusion, the acetone formation as a side product was observed significant and could not be totally prevented.
Description
Keywords
Acetone, Catalyst, Furfural, Hydrotreatment, Isopropanol
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Citation
Jaatinen , S & Karinen , R 2017 , ' Furfural Hydrotreatment Applying Isopropanol as a Solvent : The Case of Acetone Formation ' , Topics in Catalysis , vol. 60 , no. 17-18 , pp. 1473-1481 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-017-0828-7