Towards an eco-welfare state : Enabling factors for transformative eco-social initiatives

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023-12
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
19
445-463
Series
European Journal of Social Security, Volume 25, issue 4
Abstract
In eco-welfare states, welfare provision must operate within planetary boundaries, entailing societal transformations and significant emission reductions. This article contributes to the research on sustainable welfare and eco-social policies by examining transformative and integrative eco-social initiatives that aim to reduce environmental impacts while also ensuring that public actors have the capacities to reach legally binding social outcomes and enhance social inclusion. Theoretically, we combine welfare state transformation research with the concepts of social-ecological systems, provisioning systems and transformative capacity. Our empirical cases in Finland include public actors promoting sustainable public procurement, a network of carbon-neutral municipalities, sustainable lifestyles accelerators at the household level, and carbon footprint calculators as a potential free-to-use technique that supports widespread carbon reductions. We apply a qualitative research design to investigate what kinds of factors are crucial in enhancing the transformative capacity of provisioning systems and how various factors in practice enable the eco-social initiatives to support the transformation towards an eco-welfare state. Our findings identify key enabling factors for transformative capacity: social networks, collaboration and participation; knowledge, learning and monitoring; shared policy frameworks and visions; and financial resources. These factors are interrelated and can be brought to bear in no particular sequence. The results offer valuable insights into how welfare state characteristics with democratically governed public actors may facilitate transformation.
Description
Funding Information: The authors are financially supported by the Strategic Research Council (SRC) at the Academy of Finland research project ‘Towards EcoWelfare State: Orchestrating for Systemic Impact (ORSI)’ (grant no. 327161). We are grateful to an anonymous referee, to the editors of this special issue and to Max Koch, Marja Järvelä and Shane Epting for their insightful comments. All remaining errors and shortcomings are our own. The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: this work was supported by the Academy of Finland (grant number 327161, 352446, 327768, 352477, 327770, 352476, 327771, 352478). The Strategic Research Council (SRC) at the Academy of Finland research project “Towards EcoWelfare State: Orchestrating for Systemic Impact (ORSI)” (grant no. 327161).
Keywords
Eco-social, eco-welfare, provisioning system, social policy, sustainable welfare, transformative capacity
Other note
Citation
Hirvilammi , T , Peltomaa , J , Pihlajamaa , M & Tiilikainen , S 2023 , ' Towards an eco-welfare state : Enabling factors for transformative eco-social initiatives ' , European Journal of Social Security , vol. 25 , no. 4 , pp. 445-463 . https://doi.org/10.1177/13882627231195724