Neuronal correlates of the subjective experience of attention

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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European Journal of Neuroscience
The effect of top–down attention on stimulus-evoked responses and alpha oscillations and the association between arousal and pupil diameter are well established. However, the relationship between these indices, and their contribution to the subjective experience of attention, remains largely unknown. Participants performed a sustained (10–30 s) attention task in which rare (10%) targets were detected within continuous tactile stimulation (16 Hz). Trials were followed by attention ratings on an 8-point visual scale. Attention ratings correlated negatively with contralateral somatosensory alpha power and positively with pupil diameter. The effect of pupil diameter on attention ratings extended into the following trial, reflecting a sustained aspect of attention related to vigilance. The effect of alpha power did not carry over to the next trial and furthermore mediated the association between pupil diameter and attention ratings. Variations in steady-state amplitude reflected stimulus processing under the influence of alpha oscillations but were only weakly related to subjective ratings of attention. Together, our results show that both alpha power and pupil diameter are reflected in the subjective experience of attention, albeit on different time spans, while continuous stimulus processing might not contribute to the experience of attention.
| openaire: EC/H2020/670325/EU//BRAVIUS
alpha, attention, metacognition, pupil, somatosensory, steady-state
Other note
Whitmarsh, S, Gitton, C, Jousmäki, V, Sackur, J & Tallon-Baudry, C 2022, ' Neuronal correlates of the subjective experience of attention ', European Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 55, no. 11-12, pp. 3465-3482 .