Implementation of the autonomous functionalities on an electric vehicle platform for research and education

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Sähkötekniikan korkeakoulu | Master's thesis
Date
2019-06-17
Department
Major/Subject
Control, Robotics and Autonomous Systems
Mcode
ELEC3025
Degree programme
AEE - Master’s Programme in Automation and Electrical Engineering (TS2013)
Language
en
Pages
87 + 10
Series
Abstract
Self-driving cars have recently captured the attention of researchers and car manufacturing markets. Depending upon the level of autonomy, the cars are made capable of traversing from one point to another autonomously. In order to achieve this, sophisticated sensors need to be utilized. A complex set of algorithms is required to use the sensors data in order to navigate the vehicle along the desired trajectory. Polaris is an electric vehicle platform provided for research and education purposes at Aalto University. The primary focus of the thesis was to utilize all the sensors provided in Polaris to their full potential. So that, essential data from each sensor is made available to be further utilized either by a specific automation algorithm or by some mapping routine. For any autonomous robotic system, the first step towards automation is localization. That is to determine the current position of the robot in a given environment. Different sensors mounted over the platform provide such measurements in different frames of reference. The thesis utilizes the GPS based localization solution combined with the LiDAR data and wheel odometry to perform autonomous tasks. Robot Operating System is used as the software development tool in thesis work. Autonomous tasks include the determination of the global as well as the local trajectories. The endpoints of the global trajectories are dictated by the set of predefined GPS waypoints. This is called target-point navigation. A path needs to be planned that avoids all the obstacles. Based on the planned path, a set of velocity commands are issued by the embedded controller. The velocity commands are then fed to the actuators to move the vehicle along the planned trajectory.
Description
Supervisor
Visala, Arto
Thesis advisor
Vainio, Mika
Keywords
self-driving cars, autonomous control system, waypoint navigation, robot operating system, sensor integration and fusion, localization and mapping
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