Field Weakening Control of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Employing Model Order Reduction

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Sähkötekniikan korkeakoulu | Master's thesis
Electrical Power and Energy Engineering
Degree programme
AEE - Master’s Programme in Automation and Electrical Engineering (TS2013)
Various control strategies have been adopted for the field weakening control of the interior permanent magnet synchronous motors. Most of these either use the magnetic model parameters or utilize the approaches like the look up tables to minimize the effects of parametric sensitivity. The variation of the inductance values due to the magnetic saturation or the cross-coupling and fluctuation in the stator resistance and the permanent magnet flux due to the temperature difference can significantly affect the control performance especially at high speeds. In this thesis, the field weakening algorithm has been proposed that employs one of the model order reduction technique, i.e. orthogonal interpolation method. This technique obtained from reducing the order of the finite element model of the machine takes the stator current components as input and outputs the corresponding flux linkage components. At first, the control design was implemented utilizing the reduction technique that contained the motor parameters to test the validity of the orthogonal interpolation method in the field weakening operation. Thereupon, the technique was designed operating independent of any machine parameter that put into place the orthogonal interpolation method and its inversion for the references calculation. The simulink feature, ‘algebraic constraint’, was used in combination with the reduction technique to produce the required current components. The control techniques were implemented in the field oriented control scheme. The methods were at first tested through simulations in the MATLAB/Simulink environment and then the experiments were performed in the dSPACE laboratory for validity of the results. The results provided in the end confirm the feasibility of the approach used. The motor operates well in the field aweakening region and can operate in the wide speed range. The results also confirm that the approach operating independent of the machine parameters exhibit better control performance.
Belahcen, Anouar
Thesis advisor
Farzam Far, Mehrnaz
field oriented control, field weakening, interior permanent magnet synchronous motors, model order reduction, orthogonal interpolation method
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