Effects of quenched impurities on surface diffusion, spreading and ordering of O/W(110)
School of Science | A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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The Journal of Chemical Physics, Volume 117, Issue 14
AbstractWe study how quenched impurities affect the surfacediffusion and ordering of strongly interactingadsorbate atoms on surfaces. To this end, we carry out Monte Carlo simulations for a lattice-gas model of O/W(110), including small concentrations of immobile impurities which block their adsorption sites. We examine the behavior of the diffusion coefficients and order parameters as a function of coverage corresponding to various ordered phases at low temperatures. The effects of impurities are examined under both equilibrium and nonequilibrium conditions, and the results are compared to recent studies on a completely clean surface. We find that even minute impurity concentrations affect the diffusion behavior considerably in equilibrium. The effects are strongest in ordered phases and close to phase boundaries, where quenched impurities lead to a reduction of order, which in turn leads to significant changes in the collective diffusion and phase behavior. As the impurity concentration is increased to a level of a few percent of the total surface area, the reduction in order becomes particularly prominent at high coverages. Further studies under nonequilibrium conditions reveal that nonequilibrium effects are strong in the absence of impurities, while for surfaces covered by impurities the nonequilibrium effects are relatively weaker.
diffusion, impurity diffusion, surface impurity levels, impurity concentration, adsorbates
Nikunen, P. & Vattulainen, I. & Ala-Nissilä, Tapio. 2002. Effects of quenched impurities on surface diffusion, spreading and ordering of O/W(110). The Journal of Chemical Physics. Volume 117, Issue 14. P. 6757-6765. ISSN 1089-7690 (electronic). ISSN 0021-9606 (printed). DOI: 10.1063/1.1505856.