The Predicition of Solar Flares Using Millimeter Radio Brightenings

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Latvian Journal of Physics and Technical Sciences, Volume 60, issue 2
Solar activity could have significant impacts on various Earth and near-Earth space systems, such as satellite communication and power grid systems. The prediction of solar activity and active solar events plays a major role when preparing for these disturbances. Various satellite-based instruments constantly observe the Sun. However, only a few ground-based solar instruments could provide versatile enough information for the space weather prediction. Metsahovi Radio Observatory of Aalto University (Finland) has a unique collection of millimetre (8 mm) solar radio maps over the past 40 years, and even denser observational solar radio data catalogue since 2011. About 75-80 % days yearly are covered nowadays. This gives opportunity to make statistical estimation of solar flare occurrence based on solar radio maps. In this study, we had 2253 days when both solar radio map and GOES (Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites) classified solar flare were observed. In this work, we used solar flare classification done by the Space Weather Centre (SWC) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The data were observed between 1 January 2011 and 12 September 2022. Our study shows that the maximum intensity of radio brightenings is a good indicator to tell which kind of GOES classified solar flare could be expected to happen. The article presents that intense radio brightening is needed to produce a certain GOES classified solar flare.
Publisher Copyright: © 2023 J. Kallunki, published by Sciendo.
Radio brightening, solar flares, solar radio astronomy, space weather, space weather prediction
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Kallunki , J 2023 , ' The Predicition of Solar Flares Using Millimeter Radio Brightenings ' , Latvian Journal of Physics and Technical Sciences , vol. 60 , no. 2 , pp. 43-51 .