Detecting bit-flip errors in a logical qubit using stabilizer measurements

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2015-04-29
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en
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Nature Communications, Volume 6
Abstract
Quantum data are susceptible to decoherence induced by the environment and to errors in the hardware processing it. A future fault-tolerant quantum computer will use quantum error correction to actively protect against both. In the smallest error correction codes, the information in one logical qubit is encoded in a two-dimensional subspace of a larger Hilbert space of multiple physical qubits. For each code, a set of non-demolition multi-qubit measurements, termed stabilizers, can discretize and signal physical qubit errors without collapsing the encoded information. Here using a five-qubit superconducting processor, we realize the two parity measurements comprising the stabilizers of the three-qubit repetition code protecting one logical qubit from physical bit-flip errors. While increased physical qubit coherence times and shorter quantum error correction blocks are required to actively safeguard the quantum information, this demonstration is a critical step towards larger codes based on multiple parity measurements.
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Ristè , D , Poletto , S , Huang , M Z , Bruno , A , Vesterinen , V , Saira , O P & Dicarlo , L 2015 , ' Detecting bit-flip errors in a logical qubit using stabilizer measurements ' , Nature Communications , vol. 6 , 6983 . https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms7983