How can carbon be stored in the built environment?: A review of potential options

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023
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Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
Series
ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE REVIEW
Abstract
In order to reach carbon neutrality, GHG emissions from all sectors of society need to be strongly reduced. This especially applies to the construction sector. For those emissions that remain hard to reduce, removals or compensations are required. Such approaches can also be found within the built environment, but have not yet been systematically utilized. This paper presents a review of possible carbon storage technologies based on literature and professional experience. The existing technologies for storing carbon can be divided into 13 approaches. Some are already in use, many possess the potential to be scaled up, while some presently seem to only be theoretical. We propose typologies for different approaches, estimate their net carbon storage impact and maturity, and suggest a ranking based on their applicability, impact, and maturity. Our findings suggest that there is an underutilized potential for systematically accumulating atmospheric carbon in the built environment.
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Architecture
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Citation
Kuittinen, M, Zernicke, C, Slabik, S & Hafner, A 2023, ' How can carbon be stored in the built environment?: A review of potential options ', Architectural Science Review, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 91-107 . https://doi.org/10.1080/00038628.2021.1896471