Expatriates on the run: The psychological effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on expatriates’ host country withdrawal intentions

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2022-12
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
Series
International Business Review, Volume 31, issue 6
Abstract
Extant research on expatriation in high-stress environments where stress is caused by ongoing and unexpected natural crises remains limited. Drawing on stress theory, in this study, we develop a model to examine the stress-inducing effects of intra-family concerns and workplace discrimination on the intentions to leave the host country among expatriates in the high-stress environment of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. We also explore whether gender and the level of work adjustment moderate the propensity of intra-family health concerns and workplace discrimination to induce psychological stress. Based on our analysis of 381 expatriates living and working in the United Arab Emirates, we find the model to be generally supported. We also reveal an intriguing moderating effect of work adjustment on the relationship between intra-family health concerns and psychological stress. Overall, the analysis is among the first ones to shed light on the role of natural crises’ stressors in defining expatriate outcomes.
Description
Keywords
Expatriates, COVID-19, Health concerns, Family, Workplace discrimination, Stress, Gender, Work adjustment, Host country withdrawal intentions
Other note
Citation
Koveshnikov, A, Lehtonen, M J & Wechtler, H 2022, ' Expatriates on the run: The psychological effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on expatriates’ host country withdrawal intentions ', International Business Review, vol. 31, no. 6, 102009 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2022.102009