Colloidal Lignin Particles and Epoxies for Bio-Based, Durable, and Multiresistant Nanostructured Coatings

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2021-07-28
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
14
34793–34806
Series
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Volume 13, issue 29
Abstract
There is a need for safe and sustainable alternatives in the coating industry. Bio-based coatings are interesting in this perspective. Although various oils and waxes have been used as traditional wood coatings, they often lack sufficient durability. Lignin is an abundant natural polyphenol that can be used to cure epoxies, but its poor water solubility has impeded the use of unmodified lignin in coatings in the past. To address this issue, water-dispersible colloidal lignin particles (CLPs) and an epoxy compound, glycerol diglycidyl ether (GDE), were used to prepare multiprotective bio-based surface coatings. With the GDE/CLP ratios of 0.65 and 0.52 g/g, the cured CLP-GDE films became highly resistant to abrasion and heat. When applied as a coating on wooden substrates, the particulate morphology enabled effective protection against water, stains, and sunlight with very thin layers (less than half the weight of commercial coatings) while retaining the wood's breathability excellently. Optimal hydrophobicity was reached with a coat weight of 6.9 g(CLP)/m2, resulting in water contact angle values of up to 120°. Due to their spherical shape and chemical structure, the CLPs acted as both a hardener and a particulate component in the coating, which removed the need for an underlying binding polymer matrix. Light interferometry measurements showed that while commercial polymeric film-forming coatings smoothened the substrate noticeably, the particulate morphology retained the substrate's roughness in lightweight coatings, allowing for a high water contact angle. This work presents new strategies for lignin applications in durable particulate coatings and their advantages compared to both currently used synthetic and bio-based coatings.
Description
Authors Alexander Henn, Nina Forsman, and Monika sterberg declare that they have a financial interest in the development and commercialization of the research presented in this article. Aalto University has filed a provisional patent application (FI 20205555). Funding Information: KAH, NF and TZ thank Business Finland for financing via the LignoSphere project (project number: 2117744). This work was also a part of the Academy of Finland's Flagship Programme under projects No. 318890 and 318891 (Competence Center for Materials Bioeconomy, FinnCERES), financial support for KAH. The authors also thank Dr. Heidi Henrickson for her excellent help with proofreading and guidance, Mr. Rob Hindley for his generous help with linguistic support and proofreading, and Valeria Azovskaya for her helpful advice regarding the graphical material. Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.
Keywords
bio-based, epoxy, lignin, lignin nanoparticles, nanostructured, surface coating
Other note
Citation
Henn, K A, Forsman, N, Zou, T & Österberg, M 2021, ' Colloidal Lignin Particles and Epoxies for Bio-Based, Durable, and Multiresistant Nanostructured Coatings ', ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol. 13, no. 29, pp. 34793–34806 . https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.1c06087