A modest proposal

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2022-03-04
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
10
271-280
Series
JOURNAL OF POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, Volume 17, issue 2
Abstract
We present a hybrid philosophical/psychological argument in defense of ‘free will.’ The argument builds on the proposals in philosopher Christian List’sbook, Free will is real. We show that List’s psychological account of free will–that it requires the ability to consider alternatives, to make a choice, and to enact that choice–has already been proven, via research into goal functioning. Thus, the real question is: ‘can we use our free will wisely?’ Self-concordance research and implicit/explicit motive discrepancy research suggest that sometimes, we can’t. Ironically, the same fact that makes us free–that our choices are based on our imaginative capacities–also makes us free to be clueless, i.e., out of touch with ourselves or with reality. In building our argument we also discuss self-determination theory, the evolved symbolic self, system 1 versus system 2 functioning, and the hierarchical organization of human existence.
Description
Funding Information: This research was supported within the framework of a subsidy by the Russian Academic Excellence Project ’5-100ʹ Publisher Copyright: © 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Keywords
Human nature, organismic valuing, self-determination
Other note
Citation
Sheldon , K M & Martela , F 2022 , ' A modest proposal : Free will is real ' , JOURNAL OF POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY , vol. 17 , no. 2 , pp. 271-280 . https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2021.2016901