Compressibility and porosity modulate the mechanical properties of giant gas vesicles

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023-01-24
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
12
1-12
Series
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Volume 120, issue 4
Abstract
Gas vesicles used as contrast agents for noninvasive ultrasound imaging must be formulated to be stable, and their mechanical properties must be assessed. We report here the formation of perfluoro-n-butane microbubbles coated with surface-active proteins that are produced by filamentous fungi (hydrophobin HFBI from Trichoderma reesei). Using pendant drop and pipette aspiration techniques, we show that these giant gas vesicles behave like glassy polymersomes, and we discover novel gas extraction regimes. We develop a model to analyze the micropipette aspiration of these compressible gas vesicles and compare them to incompressible liquid-filled vesicles. We introduce a sealing parameter to characterize the leakage of gas under aspiration through the pores of the protein coating. Utilizing this model, we can determine the elastic dilatation modulus, surface viscosity, and porosity of the membrane. These results demonstrate the engineering potential of protein-coated bubbles for echogenic and therapeutic applications and extend the use of the pipette aspiration technique to compressible and porous systems.
Description
Funding Information: This work was carried out under the Academy of Finland Center of Excellence Program (2022-2029) in Life-Inspired Hybrid Materials (LIBER) (project numbers 346109 and 346112). The authors acknowledge the provision of facilities and technical support by Aalto University at OtaNano Nanomicroscopy Center (Aalto-NMC) and Pascal Hersen for stimulating discussions on gas vesicles. Publisher Copyright: Copyright © 2023 the Author(s).
Keywords
bubbles, compressibility, gas vesicles, porosity, viscoelasticity
Other note
Citation
Al-Terke , H H , Beaune , G , Junaid , M , Seitsonen , J , Paananen , A , Timonen , J V I , Joensuu , J , Brochard-Wyart , F & Ras , R H A 2023 , ' Compressibility and porosity modulate the mechanical properties of giant gas vesicles ' , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , vol. 120 , no. 4 , e2211509120 , pp. 1-12 . https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2211509120