Functional Metasurfaces

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School of Electrical Engineering | Doctoral thesis (article-based) | Defence date: 2015-12-18
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Degree programme
68 + app. 58
Aalto University publication series DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS, 211/2015
This thesis studies the use of functional metasurfaces composed of single arrays of polarizable unit cells in order to manipulate electromagnetic waves. The main topics that are studied are absorbing metasurfaces, metamirrors, Huygens' metasurfaces, and parity-time-symmetric metasurfaces.  In the first part of the thesis, we introduce the general theory of off-band-transparent absorbing metasurfaces. First, we consider metasurfaces which symmetrically absorb electromagnetic waves hitting any of their sides. As an example for symmetric absorbing metasurfaces, we introduce a novel off-band-transparent light absorber composed of a single array of core-shell particles. We continue this study by introducing the concept of asymmetric absorbing metasurfaces. We study single-layer sheets which work as total absorbers only from one side and investigate what functionalities can be engineered for illumination from the opposite side.  The second part of the thesis is devoted to the concept of off-band-transparent reflecting metasurfaces. We consider both symmetric and asymmetric metamirrors. We show how arrays of electrically small resonant bianisotropic particles can be employed to fully reflect electromagnetic plane waves hitting any of their sides while enabling independent and full control over the phase of waves reflected from their different sides.  The third part of the thesis focuses on the concept of Huygens' metasurfaces. We first present the concept of symmetric and asymmetric transparent metasurfaces. We introduce one-way transparent metasurfaces which offer controllable functionalities for waves hitting their non-transparent sides. We furthermore introduce the concept of all-angle Huygens' metasurfaces. These metasurfaces are reflectionless for any arbitrary input wavefront while enabling manipulation of transmitted waves in unprecedented ways.  In the last part of the thesis, we study the concept of parity-time-symmetric metasurfaces. Utilizing these metasurfaces, it is shown how electromagnetic plane waves can be fully recreated behind a highly reflecting metallic screen. The proposed structure works as a new form of one-dimensional cloak which is capable of cloaking an almost fully reflective metallic screen in both spectrally and angularly selective manner.
Supervising professor
Tretyakov, Sergei, Prof., Aalto University, Department of Radio Science and Engineering, Finland
metasurfaces, absorbers, reflectors, transparency, bianisotropy, parity-time symmetry
Other note
  • [Publication 1]: Y. Ra’di, V. S. Asadchy, S. U. Kosulnikov, M. M. Omelyanovich, D. Morits, A. V. Osipov, C. R. Simovski, and S. A. Tretyakov. Full light absorption in single arrays of spherical nanoparticles. ACS Photonics, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 653–660, April 2015.
    DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.5b00073 View at publisher
  • [Publication 2]: Y. Ra’di, V. S. Asadchy, and S. A. Tretyakov. Total absorption of electromagnetic waves in ultimately thin layers. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 61, no. 9, pp. 4606–4614, September 2013.
    DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2013.2271892 View at publisher
  • [Publication 3]: Y. Ra’di, V. S. Asadchy, and S. A. Tretyakov. Tailoring reflections from thin composite metamirrors. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 62, no. 7, pp. 3749–3760, July 2014.
    DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2014.2319851 View at publisher
  • [Publication 4]: Y. Ra’di, V. S. Asadchy, and S. A. Tretyakov. One-way transparent sheets. Phys. Rev. B, vol. 89, no. 7, p. 075109, February 2014.
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.89.075109 View at publisher
  • [Publication 5]: Y. Ra’di and S. A. Tretyakov. Angularly-independent Huygens’ metasurfaces. In IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and North American Radio Science Meeting, Vancouver, Canada, pp. 874–875, July 2015.
    DOI: 10.1109/APS.2015.7304824 View at publisher
  • [Publication 6]: Y. Ra’di, D. L. Sounas, A. Alu, and S. A. Tretyakov. Parity-time symmetric tunnelling. In Metamaterials’ 2015: The Ninth International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics, Oxford, UK, pp. 500–502, September 2015.
    DOI: 10.1109/MetaMaterials.2015.7342596 View at publisher