Energy conversion at the Earth's magnetopause using single and multispacecraft methods

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School of Electrical Engineering | A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2011
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Language
en
Pages
16
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Journal of Geophysical Research: Space physics, Vol. 116, nro A11204
Abstract
We present a small statistical data set, where we investigate energy conversion at the magnetopause using Cluster measurements of magnetopause crossings. The Cluster observations of magnetic field, plasma velocity, current density and magnetopause orientation are needed to infer the energy conversion at the magnetopause. These parameters can be inferred either from accurate multispacecraft methods, or by using single-spacecraft methods. Our final aim is a large statistical study, for which only single-spacecraft methods can be applied. The Cluster mission provides an opportunity to examine and validate single-spacecraft methods against the multispacecraft methods. For single-spacecraft methods, we use the Generic Residue Analysis (GRA) and a standard one-dimensional current density method using magnetic field measurements. For multispacecraft methods, we use triangulation (Constant Velocity Approach - CVA) and the curlometer technique. We find that in some cases the single-spacecraft methods yield a different sign for the energy conversion than compared to the multispacecraft methods. These sign ambiguities arise from the orientation of the magnetopause, choosing the interval to be analyzed, large normal current and time offset of the current density inferred from the two methods. By using the Finnish Meteorological Institute global MHD simulation GUMICS-4, we are able to determine which sign is likely to be correct, introducing an opportunity to correct the ambiguous energy conversion values. After correcting the few ambiguous cases, we find that the energy conversion estimated from single-spacecraft methods is generally lower by 70% compared to the multispacecraft methods.
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Keywords
constant velocity approach, generic residue analysis, magnetopause energy conversion
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Citation
Anekallu, C. R. & Palmroth, M. & Pulkkinen, Tuija I. & Haaland, S. E. & Lucek, E. & Dandouras, I. 2011. Energy conversion at the Earth's magnetopause using single and multispacecraft methods. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space physics, Vol. 116, nro A11204. P. 16. 2156-2202 (electronic). DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016783