Electrochemical Growth of Ag/Zn Alloys from Zinc Process Solutions and Their Dealloying Behavior

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2022-03-21
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
3716–3725
Series
ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, Volume 10, issue 11
Abstract
This study investigates the sustainable preparation of Ag/Zn alloys from a simulated zinc process solution (20 ppm Ag, 65 g/L Zn, and 10 g/L H2SO4) via electrodeposition-redox replacement (EDRR) and the electrochemical dealloying behavior of the Ag/Zn alloys. Results indicate that Ag/Zn deposits with diverse compositions and microstructures can be obtained at room temperature without any complexing agents, simply by varying EDRR parameters like deposition time, deposition potential, and redox replacement time. Two types of Ag/Zn intermetallics (Zn0.96Ag0.04 and Ag0.76Zn0.24) were identified by the combination of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and anodic linear sweep voltammetry. Mass-transfer limitations have significant effects on the growth process, and a nucleation-growth mechanism from Ag/Zn particles into dendrites with increased EDRR cycles is introduced: with EDRR parameters favoring mass-transfer limitations (higher overpotentials, longer deposition times, and shorter redox replacement times), a more dendritic morphology of Ag/Zn alloys is achieved. The selective dissolution of Zn (i.e. dealloying) allowed the formation of silver-rich surfaces with an enhanced surface plasmon resonance behavior, which can be readily tuned by EDRR and dealloying parameters. These results highlight the significant potential of the EDRR-dealloying route to produce different types of Ag/Zn alloys and optically functional materials directly from base metal process solutions.
Description
Academy of Finland project (GoldTail (319691) BW) and EARMetal (339979, ML, KY) are greatly acknowledged for funding this research. The RawMatTERS Finland Infrastructure (RAMI) funded by the Academy of Finland and based at Aalto University is also acknowledged. In addition, Zulin Wang would like to acknowledge the financial support from the Chinese Scholarship Council (CSC). The authors would also like to thank Min Chen for his valuable suggestion and discussion.
Keywords
EDRR, Dendrite, Circular Economy, Crystal growth, Optical properties
Other note
Citation
Wang , Z , Yliniemi , K , Rautama , E-L , Hannula , P-M , Wilson , B P & Lundström , M 2022 , ' Electrochemical Growth of Ag/Zn Alloys from Zinc Process Solutions and Their Dealloying Behavior ' , ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering , vol. 10 , no. 11 , pp. 3716–3725 . https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.2c00284