Optimization of Virtual Loudspeakers for Spatial Room Acoustics Reproduction with Headphones

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2017-12-09
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
16
1-16
Series
APPLIED SCIENCES, Volume 7, issue 12
Abstract
The use of headphones in reproducing spatial sound is becoming more and more popular. For instance, virtual reality applications often use head-tracking to keep the binaurally reproduced auditory environment stable and to improve externalization. Here, we study one spatial sound reproduction method over headphones, in particular the positioning of the virtual loudspeakers. The paper presents an algorithm that optimizes the positioning of virtual reproduction loudspeakers to reduce the computational cost in head-tracked real-time rendering. The listening test results suggest that listeners could discriminate the optimized loudspeaker arrays for renderings that reproduced a relatively simple acoustic conditions, but optimized array was not significantly different from equally spaced array for a reproduction of a more complex case. Moreover, the optimization seems to change the perceived openness and timbre, according to the verbal feedback of the test subjects
Description
Keywords
spatial audio, spatial sound reproduction, SDM, headphone reproduction, optimisation
Other note
Citation
Puomio, O, Pätynen, J & Lokki, T 2017, ' Optimization of Virtual Loudspeakers for Spatial Room Acoustics Reproduction with Headphones ', Applied Sciences, vol. 7, no. 12, 1282, pp. 1-16 . https://doi.org/10.3390/app7121282