Automated Flaw Detection in Multi-channel Phased Array Ultrasonic Data Using Machine Learning
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation, Volume 40, issue 3
AbstractModern ultrasonic inspections utilize ever-richer data-sets made possible by phased array equipment. A typical inspection may include tens of channels with different refraction angle, that are acquired at high speed. These rich data sets allow highly reliable and efficient inspection in complex cases, such as dissimilar metal or austenitic stainless steel welds. The rich data sets allow human inspectors to detect cracks with low signal-to-noise ratio from the wider signal patterns. There's a clear trend in the industry to even richer data sets with full matrix capture (FMC) and related techniques. Convolutional neural networks have recently shown capability to detect flaws with human level accuracy in ultrasonic signals at the B-scan level. To enable automated flaw detection at human-level accuracy for critical applications, these neural networks need be developed to take advantage of today's rich phased array data-sets. In the present paper, we extend previous work and develop convolutional neural networks that perform highly reliable flaw detection on typical multi-channel phased array data on austenitic welds. The results show, that the modern neural networks can accommodate the rich ultrasonic data and display high flaw detection performance.
Machine learning, NDT, Phased array, Image classification, NEURAL-NETWORK, SAMPLING STRATEGY, FULL-MATRIX, CLASSIFICATION, RELIABILITY, ALGORITHM
Siljama , O , Koskinen , T , Jessen-Juhler , O & Virkkunen , I 2021 , ' Automated Flaw Detection in Multi-channel Phased Array Ultrasonic Data Using Machine Learning ' , Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation , vol. 40 , no. 3 , 67 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10921-021-00796-4