Comparison of Indirect CO2-emissions of Different Renewable Transport Fuels

dc.contributorAalto-yliopistofi
dc.contributorAalto Universityen
dc.contributor.authorHolmberg, Henrik
dc.contributor.authorSiitonen, Sari
dc.contributor.authorLaukkanen, Timo
dc.contributor.authorTuomaala, Mari
dc.contributor.authorNiskanen, Tuomas
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Energy Technologyen
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-11T09:14:35Z
dc.date.available2017-05-11T09:14:35Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.description.abstractThe European Union's goal is to increase the share of renewable energy sources to 20 per cent and that of liquid biofuels for transport to at least 10 per cent by 2020. Liquid biofuels for transport are, for example, biodiesel and bioethanol. Their use is not assumed to increase CO2-emissions in the atmosphere. However, production processes of transport fuels need energy causing indirect CO2-emissions. To evaluate the environmental burden of these biofuels it is important to consider indirect CO2-emissions in analyses, too. This study defines indirect CO2-emissions for Digestion process, Bioethanol process, FT-process (Fischer-Tropsch-process) and Bio-SNG-process and compares their environmental burden.en
dc.description.versionPeer revieweden
dc.format.extent19-26
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.citationHolmberg , H , Siitonen , S , Laukkanen , T , Tuomaala , M & Niskanen , T 2015 , ' Comparison of Indirect CO2-emissions of Different Renewable Transport Fuels ' , Energy Procedia , vol. 72 , pp. 19-26 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.06.004en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.egypro.2015.06.004
dc.identifier.issn1876-6102
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: ee6793d2-2da6-4d5a-a857-6affd7dc76ea
dc.identifier.otherPURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/ee6793d2-2da6-4d5a-a857-6affd7dc76ea
dc.identifier.otherPURE LINK: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876610215006943
dc.identifier.otherPURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/11702648/1_s2.0_S1876610215006943_main.pdf
dc.identifier.urihttps://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/25951
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:aalto-201705114326
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesENERGY PROCEDIAen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesVolume 72en
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.subject.keywordbiodiesel
dc.subject.keywordbioethanol
dc.subject.keywordbiomethane
dc.subject.keywordbio-SNG-process
dc.subject.keyworddigestion
dc.subject.keywordFischer-Tropsch-process
dc.titleComparison of Indirect CO2-emissions of Different Renewable Transport Fuelsen
dc.typeA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessäfi
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
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