Planck 2013 results: XVI. Cosmological parameters

dc.contributorAalto-yliopistofi
dc.contributorAalto Universityen
dc.contributor.authorAde, P.A.R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorAghanim, N.en_US
dc.contributor.authorArmitage-Caplan, C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorArnaud, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorAshdown, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorAtrio-Barandela, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorAumont, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBaccigalupi, C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBanday, A.J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBarreiro, R.B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBartlett, J.G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBattaner, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBenabed, K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBenoît, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBenoit-Lévy, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBernard, J.-P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBersanelli, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBielewicz, P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBobin, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBock, J.J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBonaldi, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBond, J.R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBorrill, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBouchet, F.R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBridges, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBucher, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBurigana, C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorButler, R.C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCalabrese, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCappellini, B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCardoso, J.-F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCatalano, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChallinor, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChamballu, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChary, R.-R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, X.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChiang, H.C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChiang, L.-Y.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChristensen, P.R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChurch, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorClements, D.L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorColombi, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorColombo, L.P.L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCouchot, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCoulais, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCrill, B.P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCurto, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCuttaia, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDanese, L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDavies, R.D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDavis, R.J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorde Bernardis, P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorde Rosa, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorde Zotti, G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDelabrouille, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDelouis, J.-M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDésert, F.-X.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDickinson, C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDiego, J.M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDolag, K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDole, H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDonzelli, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDoré, O.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDouspis, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDunkley, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDupac, X.en_US
dc.contributor.authorEfstathiou, G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorElsner, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorEnßlin, T.A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorEriksen, H.K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFinelli, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorForni, O.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFrailis, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFraisse, A.A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFranceschi, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGaier, T.C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGaleotta, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGalli, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGanga, K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGiard, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGiardino, G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGiraud-Héraud, Y.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGjerløw, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Nuevo, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGórski, K.M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGratton, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGregorio, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGruppuso, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGudmundsson, J.E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHaissinski, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHamann, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHansen, F.K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHanson, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHarrison, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHenrot-Versillé, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHernández-Monteagudo, C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHerranz, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHildebrandt, S.R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHivon, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHobson, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHolmes, W.A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHornstrup, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHou, Z.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHovest, W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHuffenberger, K.M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJaffe, A.H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJaffe, T.R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJewell, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJones, W.C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJuvela, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKeihänen, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKeskitalo, R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKisner, T.S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKneissl, R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKnoche, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKnox, L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKunz, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKurki-Suonio, H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLagache, G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLähteenmäki, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLamarre, J.-M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLasenby, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLattanzi, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLaureijs, R.J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLawrence, C.R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLeach, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLeahy, J.P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLeonardi, R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLeón-Tavares, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLesgourgues, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLewis, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLiguori, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLilje, P.B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLinden-Vørnle, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLópez-Caniego, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLubin, P.M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMacías-Pérez, J.F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMaffei, B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMaino, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMandolesi, N.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMaris, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMarshall, D.J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMartin, P.G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-González, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMasi, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMassardi, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMatarrese, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMatthai, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMazzotta, P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMeinhold, P.R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMelchiorri, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMelin, J.-B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMendes, L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMenegoni, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMennella, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMigliaccio, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMillea, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMitra, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMiville-Deschênes, M.-A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMoneti, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMontier, L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMorgante, G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMortlock, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMoss, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMunshi, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, J.A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNaselsky, P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNati, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNatoli, P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNetterfield, C.B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNørgaard-Nielsen, H.U.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNoviello, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNovikov, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNovikov, I.en_US
dc.contributor.author"O'Dwyer", I.J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorOsborne, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorOxborrow, C.A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPaci, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPagano, L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPajot, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPaladini, R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPaoletti, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPartridge, B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPasian, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPatanchon, G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPearson, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPearson, T.J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPeiris, H.V.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPerdereau, O.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPerotto, L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPerrotta, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPettorino, V.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPiacentini, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPiat, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPierpaoli, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPietrobon, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPlaszczynski, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPlatania, P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPointecouteau, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPolenta, G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPonthieu, N.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPopa, L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPoutanen, T.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPratt, G.W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPrézeau, G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPrunet, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPuget, J.-L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRachen, J.P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorReach, W.T.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRebolo, R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorReinecke, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRemazeilles, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRenault, C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRicciardi, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRiller, T.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRistorcelli, I.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRocha, G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRosset, C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRoudier, G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRowan-Robinson, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRubiño-Martín, J.A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRusholme, B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSandri, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSantos, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSavelainen, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSavini, G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorScott, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSeiffert, M.D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorShellard, E.P.S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSpencer, L.D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorStarck, J.-L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorStolyarov, V.en_US
dc.contributor.authorStompor, R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSudiwala, R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSunyaev, R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSureau, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSutton, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSuur-Uski, A.-S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSygnet, J.-F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTauber, J.A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTavagnacco, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTerenzi, L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorToffolatti, L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTomasi, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTristram, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTucci, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTuovinen, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTürler, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorUmana, G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorValenziano, L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorValiviita, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorVan Tent, B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorVielva, P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorVilla, F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorVittorio, N.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWade, L.A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWandelt, B.D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWehus, I.K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWhite, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWhite, S.D.M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWilkinson, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorYvon, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorZacchei, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorZonca, A.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMetsähovi Radio Observatoryen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Electronics and Nanoengineeringen
dc.contributor.groupauthorAnne Lähteenmäki Groupen
dc.contributor.organizationUniversity of Helsinkien_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-08T09:25:08Z
dc.date.issued2014en_US
dc.description.abstractThis paper presents the first cosmological results based on Planck measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature and lensing-potential power spectra. We find that the Planck spectra at high multipoles (ℓ ≳ 40) are extremely well described by the standard spatially-flat six-parameter ΛCDM cosmology with a power-law spectrum of adiabatic scalar perturbations. Within the context of this cosmology, the Planck data determine the cosmological parameters to high precision: the angular size of the sound horizon at recombination, the physical densities of baryons and cold dark matter, and the scalar spectral index are estimated to be θ∗ = (1.04147 ± 0.00062) × 10-2, Ωbh2 = 0.02205 ± 0.00028, Ωch2 = 0.1199 ± 0.0027, and ns = 0.9603 ± 0.0073, respectively(note that in this abstract we quote 68% errors on measured parameters and 95% upper limits on other parameters). For this cosmology, we find a low value of the Hubble constant, H0 = (67.3 ± 1.2) km s-1 Mpc-1, and a high value of the matter density parameter, Ωm = 0.315 ± 0.017. These values are in tension with recent direct measurements of H0 and the magnitude-redshift relation for Type Ia supernovae, but are in excellent agreement with geometrical constraints from baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) surveys. Including curvature, we find that the Universe is consistent with spatial flatness to percent level precision using Planck CMB data alone. We use high-resolution CMB data together with Planck to provide greater control on extragalactic foreground components in an investigation of extensions to the six-parameter ΛCDM model. We present selected results from a large grid of cosmological models, using a range of additional astrophysical data sets in addition to Planck and high-resolution CMB data. None of these models are favoured over the standard six-parameter ΛCDM cosmology. The deviation of the scalar spectral index from unity isinsensitive to the addition of tensor modes and to changes in the matter content of the Universe. We find an upper limit of r0.002< 0.11 on the tensor-to-scalar ratio. There is no evidence for additional neutrino-like relativistic particles beyond the three families of neutrinos in the standard model. Using BAO and CMB data, we find Neff = 3.30 ± 0.27 for the effective number of relativistic degrees of freedom, and an upper limit of 0.23 eV for the sum of neutrino masses. Our results are in excellent agreement with big bang nucleosynthesis and the standard value of Neff = 3.046. We find no evidence for dynamical dark energy; using BAO and CMB data, the dark energy equation of state parameter is constrained to be w = -1.13-0.10+0.13. We also use the Planck data to set limits on a possible variation of the fine-structure constant, dark matter annihilation and primordial magnetic fields. Despite the success of the six-parameter ΛCDM model in describing the Planck data at high multipoles, we note that this cosmology does not provide a good fit to the temperature power spectrum at low multipoles. The unusual shape of the spectrum in the multipole range 20 ≲ ℓ ≲ 40 was seen previously in the WMAP data and is a real feature of the primordial CMB anisotropies. The poor fit to the spectrum at low multipoles is not of decisive significance, but is an “anomaly” in an otherwise self-consistent analysis of the Planck temperature data.en
dc.description.versionPeer revieweden
dc.format.extent66
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.identifier.citationAde, P A R, Aghanim, N, Armitage-Caplan, C, Arnaud, M, Ashdown, M, Atrio-Barandela, F, Aumont, J, Baccigalupi, C, Banday, A J, Barreiro, R B, Bartlett, J G, Battaner, E, Benabed, K, Benoît, A, Benoit-Lévy, A, Bernard, J-P, Bersanelli, M, Bielewicz, P, Bobin, J, Bock, J J, Bonaldi, A, Bond, J R, Borrill, J, Bouchet, F R, Bridges, M, Bucher, M, Burigana, C, Butler, R C, Calabrese, E, Cappellini, B, Cardoso, J-F, Catalano, A, Challinor, A, Chamballu, A, Chary, R-R, Chen, X, Chiang, H C, Chiang, L-Y, Christensen, P R, Church, S, Clements, D L, Colombi, S, Colombo, L P L, Couchot, F, Coulais, A, Crill, B P, Curto, A, Cuttaia, F, Danese, L, Davies, R D, Davis, R J, de Bernardis, P, de Rosa, A, de Zotti, G, Delabrouille, J, Delouis, J-M, Désert, F-X, Dickinson, C, Diego, J M, Dolag, K, Dole, H, Donzelli, S, Doré, O, Douspis, M, Dunkley, J, Dupac, X, Efstathiou, G, Elsner, F, Enßlin, T A, Eriksen, H K, Finelli, F, Forni, O, Frailis, M, Fraisse, A A, Franceschi, E, Gaier, T C, Galeotta, S, Galli, S, Ganga, K, Giard, M, Giardino, G, Giraud-Héraud, Y, Gjerløw, E, González-Nuevo, J, Górski, K M, Gratton, S, Gregorio, A, Gruppuso, A, Gudmundsson, J E, Haissinski, J, Hamann, J, Hansen, F K, Hanson, D, Harrison, D, Henrot-Versillé, S, Hernández-Monteagudo, C, Herranz, D, Hildebrandt, S R, Hivon, E, Hobson, M, Holmes, W A, Hornstrup, A, Hou, Z, Hovest, W, Huffenberger, K M, Jaffe, A H, Jaffe, T R, Jewell, J, Jones, W C, Juvela, M, Keihänen, E, Keskitalo, R, Kisner, T S, Kneissl, R, Knoche, J, Knox, L, Kunz, M, Kurki-Suonio, H, Lagache, G, Lähteenmäki, A, Lamarre, J-M, Lasenby, A, Lattanzi, M, Laureijs, R J, Lawrence, C R, Leach, S, Leahy, J P, Leonardi, R, León-Tavares, J, Lesgourgues, J, Lewis, A, Liguori, M, Lilje, P B, Linden-Vørnle, M, López-Caniego, M, Lubin, P M, Macías-Pérez, J F, Maffei, B, Maino, D, Mandolesi, N, Maris, M, Marshall, D J, Martin, P G, Martínez-González, E, Masi, S, Massardi, M, Matarrese, S, Matthai, F, Mazzotta, P, Meinhold, P R, Melchiorri, A, Melin, J-B, Mendes, L, Menegoni, E, Mennella, A, Migliaccio, M, Millea, M, Mitra, S, Miville-Deschênes, M-A, Moneti, A, Montier, L, Morgante, G, Mortlock, D, Moss, A, Munshi, D, Murphy, J A, Naselsky, P, Nati, F, Natoli, P, Netterfield, C B, Nørgaard-Nielsen, H U, Noviello, F, Novikov, D, Novikov, I, "O'Dwyer", I J, Osborne, S, Oxborrow, C A, Paci, F, Pagano, L, Pajot, F, Paladini, R, Paoletti, D, Partridge, B, Pasian, F, Patanchon, G, Pearson, D, Pearson, T J, Peiris, H V, Perdereau, O, Perotto, L, Perrotta, F, Pettorino, V, Piacentini, F, Piat, M, Pierpaoli, E, Pietrobon, D, Plaszczynski, S, Platania, P, Pointecouteau, E, Polenta, G, Ponthieu, N, Popa, L, Poutanen, T, Pratt, G W, Prézeau, G, Prunet, S, Puget, J-L, Rachen, J P, Reach, W T, Rebolo, R, Reinecke, M, Remazeilles, M, Renault, C, Ricciardi, S, Riller, T, Ristorcelli, I, Rocha, G, Rosset, C, Roudier, G, Rowan-Robinson, M, Rubiño-Martín, J A, Rusholme, B, Sandri, M, Santos, D, Savelainen, M, Savini, G, Scott, D, Seiffert, M D, Shellard, E P S, Spencer, L D, Starck, J-L, Stolyarov, V, Stompor, R, Sudiwala, R, Sunyaev, R, Sureau, F, Sutton, D, Suur-Uski, A-S, Sygnet, J-F, Tauber, J A, Tavagnacco, D, Terenzi, L, Toffolatti, L, Tomasi, M, Tristram, M, Tucci, M, Tuovinen, J, Türler, M, Umana, G, Valenziano, L, Valiviita, J, Van Tent, B, Vielva, P, Villa, F, Vittorio, N, Wade, L A, Wandelt, B D, Wehus, I K, White, M, White, S D M, Wilkinson, A, Yvon, D, Zacchei, A & Zonca, A 2014, ' Planck 2013 results : XVI. Cosmological parameters ', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 571, A16 . https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201321591en
dc.identifier.doi10.1051/0004-6361/201321591en_US
dc.identifier.issn0004-6361
dc.identifier.issn1432-0746
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: ec6c056d-54de-4103-b7f2-4db0201c7117en_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/ec6c056d-54de-4103-b7f2-4db0201c7117en_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/6574040/Planck_2013_results._XVI._Cosmological.pdfen_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/21879
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:aalto-201609083765
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICSen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesVolume 571, issue id. A16en
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.subject.keywordcosmic background radiationen_US
dc.subject.keywordcosmological parametersen_US
dc.subject.keywordearly Universeen_US
dc.subject.keywordinflationen_US
dc.subject.keywordprimordial nucleosynthesisen_US
dc.titlePlanck 2013 results: XVI. Cosmological parametersen
dc.typeA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessäfi
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
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