Evaluation of choices for sustainable rural electrification in developing countries: A multicriteria approach

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2013-08
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
11
589-599
Series
ENERGY POLICY, Volume 59
Abstract
Rural electrification (RE) can be modelled as a multifactorial task connected to a large number of variables: decision makers need to choose the appropriate options by considering not only the techno-economic competitiveness but also socio-cultural dynamics and environmental consequences, making the task intricate. Many rural electrification projects have failed due to lack of attention to the issues beyond financial and technical dimensions. This paper presents a standardized approach for decision making concerning the extension of electricity services to rural areas. This approach first determines whether the supply provision should be grid expansion or off-grid on the basis of levelized cost of delivered electricity. If the grid expansion is found nonviable over off-grid options then a multicriteria decision aiding tool, SMAA-2 (Stochastic Multicriteria Acceptability Analysis), will evaluate off-grid technologies by aggregating 24 criteria values. While applying this approach, the delivered costs of electricity by the grid in remote areas within the 1-25. km distances vary in a range of 0.10-7.85 US$/kW. h depending on the line lengths and load conditions. In the off-grid evaluation, the solar PV (photovoltaic) and biogas plants are found as the most preferable alternatives with 59% and 41% acceptability in their first rank, respectively.
Description
Keywords
Multicriteria, Off-grid supply, Rural electrification
Other note
Citation
Rahman, M M, Paatero, J V & Lahdelma, R 2013, ' Evaluation of choices for sustainable rural electrification in developing countries : A multicriteria approach ', Energy Policy, vol. 59, pp. 589-599 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2013.04.017