Deep Learning Exploration of Agent-Based Social Network Model Parameters

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Frontiers in Big Data, Volume 4
Interactions between humans give rise to complex social networks that are characterized by heterogeneous degree distribution, weight-topology relation, overlapping community structure, and dynamics of links. Understanding these characteristics of social networks is the primary goal of their research as they constitute scaffolds for various emergent social phenomena from disease spreading to political movements. An appropriate tool for studying them is agent-based modeling, in which nodes, representing individuals, make decisions about creating and deleting links, thus yielding various macroscopic behavioral patterns. Here we focus on studying a generalization of the weighted social network model, being one of the most fundamental agent-based models for describing the formation of social ties and social networks. This generalized weighted social network (GWSN) model incorporates triadic closure, homophilic interactions, and various link termination mechanisms, which have been studied separately in the previous works. Accordingly, the GWSN model has an increased number of input parameters and the model behavior gets excessively complex, making it challenging to clarify the model behavior. We have executed massive simulations with a supercomputer and used the results as the training data for deep neural networks to conduct regression analysis for predicting the properties of the generated networks from the input parameters. The obtained regression model was also used for global sensitivity analysis to identify which parameters are influential or insignificant. We believe that this methodology is applicable for a large class of complex network models, thus opening the way for more realistic quantitative agent-based modeling.
Funding Information: YM, H-HJ, JT, and JK are thankful for the hospitality of Aalto University. This research used computational resources of the supercomputer Fugaku provided by the RIKEN Center for Computational Science. Publisher Copyright: © Copyright © 2021 Murase, Jo, Török, Kertész and Kaski.
agent-based modeling, deep learning, high-performance computing, metamodeling, sensitivity analysis, social networks
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Murase, Y, Jo, H H, Török, J, Kertész, J & Kaski, K 2021, ' Deep Learning Exploration of Agent-Based Social Network Model Parameters ', Frontiers in Big Data, vol. 4, 739081 .