Transition towards university campus carbon neutrality by connecting to city district heating network

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2022-11
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
13
9493-9505
Series
Energy Reports, Volume 8
Abstract
The campus of Tallinn University of Technology consists of 26 buildings with a total annual heat demand of approximately 20 GWh. A local natural gas-fired boiler provides annually approximately 13 GWh of heating to 12 buildings in the campus and 14 buildings are connected to district heating system. This paper analyses the possibilities of replacing the natural gas boiler with district heating. Two systems were modelled using EnergyPRO software and compared to the reference system of the local boiler and heating network: connection to an existing high-temperature district heating network and a low-temperature energy cascade. All the three systems were modelled with two different energy price scenarios. The results were analysed from the perspective of the university campus and the entire city's system. The low-temperature energy cascade connection to the city's network will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 955 tonnes CO2. The conventional high-temperature connection would reduce the emission by 765 tons CO2. District heating connection will also lead to primary energy savings supporting the university's efforts towards achieving its sustainable development goals. The low -temperature energy cascade utilising the return water of the city's district heating network reduces the heat losses and increases the efficiency of heat and electricity production when compared to the systems with separate campus heating or the conventional high-temperature district heating. (C) 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Description
| openaire: EC/H2020/856602/EU//FINEST TWINS Funding Information: This research received funding from EU H2020 Grant Agreement number 856602 – FINEST TWINS project and from the project CASCADE “A comprehensive toolbox for integrating low-temperature sub-networks in existing district heating networks”, financed by IEA DHC within Annex XIII. Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Authors
Keywords
Combined heat and power, Emission reduction, Energy efficiency, Low-temperature district heating
Other note
Citation
Hiltunen , P , Volkova , A , Latõšov , E , Lepiksaar , K & Syri , S 2022 , ' Transition towards university campus carbon neutrality by connecting to city district heating network ' , Energy Reports , vol. 8 , pp. 9493-9505 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyr.2022.07.055