Developing and Evaluating Entrepreneurship Education - Three case studies on Entrepreneurial Development Coaching in Teacher Training, the Impact of Entrepreneurship Education Projects, and Experiential Entrepreneurship Education in Basic and Higher Education

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School of Business | Doctoral thesis (article-based)
Degree programme
93 + app. 126
Aalto University publication series DOCTORAL THESES, 156/2023
The aim of this dissertation is to provide perspectives on developing and evaluating entrepreneurship education based on the results of three case studies. The first case study deals with Entrepreneurial Development Coaching (EDC) and asks how EDC affects teachers' thinking and action regarding entrepreneurship. The second study reviews Entrepreneurship Education projects and their impact. The third study generates perspectives on the developmental evaluation of experiential learning concepts in primary school together with higher education, focusing on how to develop sixth-grade students' entrepreneurial mindset and the effects thereof on entrepreneurial attitudes and long-term entrepreneurial behaviour which increase self-employability in the context of entrepreneurship. The main research question underlying my dissertation is: "How to use evaluation to develop Entrepreneurship Education through the education path and strengthen its impact on attitudes, working life and entrepreneurship?" I have identified a research gap, around the development of the evaluation of entrepreneurship education. Society is changing, how we develop teachers' capabilities to support entrepreneurship in schools with the means of entrepreneurship education, what should be done at different school levels in order to improve students' entrepreneurship skills. I approach the research problem in this dissertation from the theoretical perspective of entrepreneurship evaluation, in terms of entrepreneurial pedagogy and how it implements entrepreneurial pathways, supports career planning, and develops specific mindsets, skills, attitudes, and types of behaviour. Furthermore, I explore pedagogical nudging points when discussing entrepreneurship education. I contribute to the relevance of how to evaluate and develop entrepreneurship education in relation both to entrepreneurial pedagogy and its methods, as well as to recommendations from the European Union. In addition, I explore recent debates on experiential entrepreneurship education and pedagogical nudging to widen understandings of the role played by experiential entrepreneurship education in the education system, as well as discussions on entrepreneurial mindsets, skills, attitudes, and types of behaviour. I have compiled this dissertation from three independent case studies, scholarly articles, all of which revolve around the developing and evaluating of entrepreneurship education. 
The author has not given permission for Aaltodoc -publishing
Supervising professor
Kibler, Ewald, Prof., Aalto University, Department of Management Studies, Finland
Thesis advisor
O’Shea, Gregory, Dr., Aalto University, Finland
Kyrö, Paula, Dr., Aalto University, Finland
entrepreneurship education, developing, evaluating, case studies, entrepreneurial pedagogy, entrepreneurial nudging, behaviours, atributes, skills, working-life skills
Other note
  • [Publication 1]: Gustafsson-Pesonen, A.; Remes, L. (2012). Evaluation of entrepreneurial development coaching: changing the Teachers’ thinking and action on entrepreneurship. Annals of Innovation & Entrepreneurship, 3:1, 17211,
    DOI: 10.3402/aie.v3i0.17292 View at publisher
  • [Publication 2]: Gustafsson-Pesonen, A. (2019). Reviewing Entrepreneurship Education Projects and their Impact. Research in Economics and Business: Central and Eastern Europe. REB 2019. Vol. 11. No. 1.
  • [Publication 3]: Gustafsson-Pesonen, A. (2022). Developmental evaluation of the Experiential Entrepreneurship Education case in Basic Education 6th Grade and in Higher Education. Proceedings for Nordic Conference on Small Business (& Entrepreneurship) 2022. The Department of Entrepreneurship and Relationship Management University of Southern Denmark, Kolding, 2022. ISBN 978-87-94345-09-5. pp. 107-183