A discussion about a start-up procedure of a doubly-fed induction generator system
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Proceedings of the Nordic Workshop on Power and Industrial Electronics (NORPIE/2008)
AbstractThe present work proposes a start-up procedure for a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) driven by a wind turbine. In the DFIG topology the stator is connected direct to the grid while the rotor is connected to a back-to-back converter. This structure requires some care during grid synchronization to avoid undesired overloads. The main goal of a start-up procedure is to reduce the stresses on the electrical and mechanical components during synchronization. In this work, it is achieved by equalization among the induced stator voltage, the voltage over the filter capacitor and the grid voltage. A phase-locked-loop (PLL) computes the grid voltage phase displacement required for the system control orientation and synchronization procedures. Previous to the starting-up, the output currents set-points of the grid-side converter and rotor-side converter are computed in order to produce the same grid voltage over the filter capacitors and on the stator terminals. The whole procedure is summarized in seven different steps: turbine acceleration by the pitch control, DC-link pre-charge; initialization of the filter current controllers; filter synchronization; DC-Link voltage adjust; rotor current controllers' initialization and stator synchronization. The proposed start-up procedure was tested in a 4 kW test bench and the description of each step as well as simulation and experimental results are presented throughout the paper.
wind power generation, doubly-fed induction generator, synchronization, grid utility