Interdependent factors influencing the carbon yield, structure, and CO2 adsorption capacity of lignocellulose-derived carbon fibers using multiple linear regression

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Journal Title
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Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023-12
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Mcode
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Language
en
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Carbon Letters
Abstract
Cellulose has experienced a renaissance as a precursor for carbon fibers (CFs). However, cellulose possesses intrinsic challenges as precursor substrate such as typically low carbon yield. This study examines the interplay of strategies to increase the carbonization yield of (ligno-) cellulosic fibers manufactured via a coagulation process. Using Design of Experiments, this article assesses the individual and combined effects of diammonium hydrogen phosphate (DAP), lignin, and CO2 activation on the carbonization yield and properties of cellulose-based carbon fibers. Synergistic effects are identified using the response surface methodology. This paper evidences that DAP and lignin could affect cellulose pyrolysis positively in terms of carbonization yield. Nevertheless, DAP and lignin do not have an additive effect on increasing the yield. In fact, combined DAP and lignin can affect negatively the carbonization yield within a certain composition range. Further, the thermogravimetric CO2 adsorption of the respective CFs was measured, showing relatively high values (ca. 2 mmol/g) at unsaturated pressure conditions. The CFs were microporous materials with potential applications in gas separation membranes and CO2 storage systems. 
Description
| openaire: EC/H2020/715788/EU//WoCaFi Funding Information: Open Access funding provided by Aalto University. The research was supported by European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme [715788] and the Academy of Finland (Elucidation of the structural development during cellulose carbonization for advanced carbon materials) [348354]. Publisher Copyright: © 2023, The Author(s).
Keywords
Carbon fiber, Cellulose, CO activation, Diammonium hydrogen phosphate, Lignin
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Citation
Miranda-Valdez , I Y , Guizani , C , Abbrederis , N , Trogen , M & Hummel , M 2023 , ' Interdependent factors influencing the carbon yield, structure, and CO 2 adsorption capacity of lignocellulose-derived carbon fibers using multiple linear regression ' , Carbon Letters , vol. 33 , no. 7 , pp. 2253-2265 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s42823-023-00591-3