A surface topography analysis of the curling stone curl mechanism

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Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2018-05-25
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Language
en
Pages
1-8
Series
Scientific Reports, Volume 8, issue 1
Abstract
The curling motion of the curling stone on ice is well-known: if a small clockwise rotational velocity is imposed to the stone when it is released, in addition to the linear propagation velocity, the stone will curl to the right. A similar curl to the left is obtained by counter-clockwise rotation. This effect is widely used in the game to reach spots behind the already thrown stones, and the rotation also causes the stone to propagate in a more predictable fashion. Here, we report on novel experimental results which support one of the proposed theories to account for the curling motion of the stone, known as the "scratch-guiding theory". By directly scanning the ice surface with a white light interferometer before and after each slide, we observed cross-scratches caused by the leading and trailing parts of the circular contact band of the linearly moving and rotating stone. By analyzing these scratches and a typical curling stone trajectory, we show that during most of the slide, the transverse force responsible for the sideways displacement of the stone is linearly proportional to the angle between these cross-scratches.
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Honkanen, V, Ovaska, M, Alava, M J, Laurson, L & Tuononen, A J 2018, ' A surface topography analysis of the curling stone curl mechanism ', Scientific Reports, vol. 8, no. 1, 8123, pp. 1-8 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-26595-y