The Synergistic Effect of Polyphosphates Acid and Different Compounds of Waste Cooking Oil on Conventional and Rheological Properties of Modified Bitumen

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2022-12
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
18
Series
Materials, Volume 15, issue 23
Abstract
In order to conserve non-renewable natural resources, waste cooking oil (WCO) in bitumen can help lower CO2 emissions and advance the environmental economy. In this study, three different components of WCO were isolated and then, together with polyphosphoric acid (PPA), used separately as bitumen modifiers to determine the suitability of various substances in WCO with PPA. Conventional tests, including penetration, softening point temperature, and ductility, and the dynamic shear rheology (DSR) test, including temperature sweep and frequency sweep, were used to evaluate the influence of WCO/PPA on the traditional performance and rheological properties at high and low temperatures. The results indicate that WCO reduced the ductility and penetration value, when the use of PPA increased the softening point temperature and high-temperature performance. Compared to reference bitumen, the rutting factor and viscous activation energy (Ea) of bitumen modified with 4% WCO and 2% PPA has the most significant increase by 18.6% and 31.5, respectively. All components of WCO have a significant impact on improving the low-temperature performance of PPA-modified bitumen. The performance of the composite-modified bitumen at low temperatures is negatively affected by some waxy compounds in WCO, such as methyl palmitate, which tends to undergo a solid–liquid phase change as the temperature decreases. In conclusion, the inclusion of WCO/PPA in bitumen offers a fresh approach to developing sustainable pavement materials.
Description
Funding Information: This research was funded by Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities-Excellent doctoral dissertation cultivation project of Chang’an University (300203211212). This work also described in this paper was supported by a grant from the German Academic Exchange Service of Germany (Grant no. 57601840). Publisher Copyright: © 2022 by the authors.
Keywords
conventional property, modified bitumen, polyphosphate acid, rheological property, waste cooking oil
Other note
Citation
Wang , W , Li , J , Wang , D , Liu , P & Li , X 2022 , ' The Synergistic Effect of Polyphosphates Acid and Different Compounds of Waste Cooking Oil on Conventional and Rheological Properties of Modified Bitumen ' , Materials , vol. 15 , no. 23 , 8681 . https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15238681