Global buckling response of web-core steel sandwich plates influenced by general corrosion

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School of Engineering | Doctoral thesis (article-based) | Defence date: 2014-11-06
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46 + app. 49
Aalto University publication series DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS, 140/2014
A web-core steel sandwich plate is a lightweight, orthotropic structure. The constituent thin plates (2-4 mm) are joined by laser-welding. This thesis investigates the buckling and post-buckling behaviour of slender web-core sandwich plates loaded in the direction of the web plates. The influence of corrosion on the plate buckling is studied via finite element method (FEM). The corrosion scenario used is based on experimental observations from specimens submerged into the sea for 1 and 2 years. The plate strength analyses are performed with two methods: FEM having shell element mesh of the three-dimensional topology and the equivalent single-layer theory (ESL). In the later, the sandwich plate is represented with constant, homogenised stiffness coefficients, which are related to physical properties of the structure. The first buckling mode of slender web-core sandwich plates is characterised with global deformation between the edge supports. The buckling strength depends on the bending and transverse shear stiffnesses. This thesis revealed that the buckling strength is very sensitive to the variation in transverse shear stiffness opposite to the web plate direction, DQy, especially in sandwich plates with high bending stiffness. Furthermore, the stiffness of the sandwich plate as a whole in the post-buckling is controlled by that of the in-plane stiffness. The web plates impose high, shear-induced, secondary bending stresses on the face plates and these were found to be important for accurate estimation of the onset of yielding. The deformation resulting from the secondary bending of the face plates makes the unloaded edge stiffer. Although membrane stress can be higher there, local buckling during global post-buckling occurs further away where the secondary deformations are smaller, primarily in the centre of the face plate (x=a/2, y=b/2). Furthermore, the corrosion tests revealed that the cross-section is primarily affected by general corrosion. Under this circumstance, the reduction of the thickness of the face and web plates reduces the stiffness coefficients and also the buckling strength linearly. The buckling strength reduces rapidly, especially because of the reduction in the transverse shear stiffness DQy. The reduction of buckling strength doubles if, in addition to the outer faces, corrosion also occurs inside the sandwich plate. Beam bending tests also showed rapid reduction of the ultimate strength but, in addition, that it can be maintained using different protection methods. The results thus indicate that the protection against corrosion should be carefully performed. The future work will involve improving the accuracy of the ESL theory in the presence of local buckling.
Supervising professor
Romanoff, Jani, Prof., D.Sc. (Tech.), Aalto University, Department of Applied Mechanics, Finland
Thesis advisor
Romanoff, Jani, Prof., D.Sc. (Tech.), Aalto University, Department of Applied Mechanics, Finland
Remes, Heikki, Prof., D.Sc. (Tech.), Aalto University, Department of Applied Mechanics, Finland
buckling, post-buckling, sandwich plate, corrosion, steel, web-core, equivalent single-layer
Other note
  • [Publication 1]: Jelovica, Jasmin; Romanoff, Jani; Ehlers, Sören; Varsta, Petri. Influence of weld stiffness on buckling strength of laser-welded web-core sandwich plates. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, volume 77, pages 12-18, 2012. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2012.05.001.
  • [Publication 2]: Jelovica, Jasmin; Romanoff, Jani. Load-carrying behaviour of web-core sandwich plates in compression. Thin-Walled Structures, volume 73, pages 264-272, 2013. doi:10.1016/j.tws.2013.08.012.
  • [Publication 3]: Jelovica, Jasmin; Romanoff, Jani; Ehlers, Sören; Aromaa, Jari. Ultimate strength of corroded web-core sandwich beams. Marine Structures, volume 31, pages 1-14, 2013. doi:10.1016/j.marstruc.2012.12.001.
  • [Publication 4]: Jelovica, Jasmin; Romanoff, Jani; Remes, Heikki. Influence of general corrosion on buckling strength of laser-welded web-core sandwich plates. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, volume 101, pages 342-350, 2014. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2014.05.025.