Black-silicon ultraviolet photodiodes achieve external quantum efficiency above 130%
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Physical Review Letters, Volume 125, issue 11
AbstractAt present ultraviolet sensors are utilized in numerous fields ranging from various spectroscopy applications via biotechnical innovations to industrial process control. Despite of this, the performance of current UV sensors is surprisingly poor. Here, we break the theoretical one photon - one electron barrier and demonstrate a device with a certified external quantum efficiency (EQE) above 130 external amplification. The record high performance is obtained using a nanostructured silicon photodiode with self-induced junction. We show that the high efficiency is based on effective utilization of multiple carrier generation by impact ionization taking place in the nanostructures. While the results can readily have a significant impact on the UV-sensor industry, the underlying technological concept can be applied to other semiconductor materials, thereby extending above unity response to longer wavelengths and offering new perspectives for improving efficiencies beyond the Shockley-Queisser limit.
Garin , M , Heinonen , J , Werner , L , Pasanen , T , Vähänissi , V , Haarahiltunen , A , Juntunen , M & Savin , H 2020 , ' Black-silicon ultraviolet photodiodes achieve external quantum efficiency above 130% ' , Physical Review Letters , vol. 125 , no. 11 , 117702 . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.117702