Partially RepRapable automated open source bag valve mask-based ventilator

dc.contributorAalto-yliopistofi
dc.contributorAalto Universityen
dc.contributor.authorPetsiuk, Aliakseien_US
dc.contributor.authorTanikella, Nagendra G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDertinger, Samanthaen_US
dc.contributor.authorPringle, Adamen_US
dc.contributor.authorOberloier, Shaneen_US
dc.contributor.authorPearce, Joshua M.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Electronics and Nanoengineeringen
dc.contributor.organizationMichigan Technological Universityen_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-28T08:13:40Z
dc.date.available2020-08-28T08:13:40Z
dc.date.issued2020-10en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study describes the development of a simple and easy-to-build portable automated bag valve mask (BVM) compression system, which, during acute shortages and supply chain disruptions can serve as a temporary emergency ventilator. The resuscitation system is based on the Arduino controller with a real-time operating system installed on a largely RepRap 3-D printable parametric component-based structure. The cost of the materials for the system is under $170, which makes it affordable for replication by makers around the world. The device provides a controlled breathing mode with tidal volumes from 100 to 800 mL, breathing rates from 5 to 40 breaths/minute, and inspiratory-to-expiratory ratio from 1:1 to 1:4. The system is designed for reliability and scalability of measurement circuits through the use of the serial peripheral interface and has the ability to connect additional hardware due to the object-oriented algorithmic approach. Experimental results after testing on an artificial lung for peak inspiratory pressure (PIP), respiratory rate (RR), positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), tidal volume, proximal pressure, and lung pressure demonstrate repeatability and accuracy exceeding human capabilities in BVM-based manual ventilation. Future work is necessary to further develop and test the system to make it acceptable for deployment outside of emergencies such as with COVID-19 pandemic in clinical environments, however, the nature of the design is such that desired features are relatively easy to add using protocols and parametric design files provided.en
dc.description.versionPeer revieweden
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.identifier.citationPetsiuk, A, Tanikella, N G, Dertinger, S, Pringle, A, Oberloier, S & Pearce, J M 2020, ' Partially RepRapable automated open source bag valve mask-based ventilator ', HardwareX, vol. 8, e00131 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ohx.2020.e00131en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ohx.2020.e00131en_US
dc.identifier.issn2468-0672
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 790bdc6b-e4b0-4a3a-8326-c47277711208en_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/790bdc6b-e4b0-4a3a-8326-c47277711208en_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE LINK: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85089470505&partnerID=8YFLogxKen_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/45128861/Petsiuk_Partially_RepRapable_automated_Harwarex.pdfen_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/46282
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:aalto-202008285220
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevier Ltd.
dc.relation.ispartofseriesHardwareXen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesVolume 8en
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.subject.keyword3-D printingen_US
dc.subject.keywordCoronavirusen_US
dc.subject.keywordCoronavirus pandemicen_US
dc.subject.keywordCOVID-19en_US
dc.subject.keywordEmbedded systemsen_US
dc.subject.keywordInfluenza pandemicen_US
dc.subject.keywordMedical hardwareen_US
dc.subject.keywordOpen hardwareen_US
dc.subject.keywordOpen sourceen_US
dc.subject.keywordOpen source medical hardwareen_US
dc.subject.keywordPandemicen_US
dc.subject.keywordPandemic ventilatoren_US
dc.subject.keywordReal-time operating systemen_US
dc.subject.keywordRepRapen_US
dc.subject.keywordSingle-limben_US
dc.subject.keywordVentilationen_US
dc.subject.keywordVentilatoren_US
dc.titlePartially RepRapable automated open source bag valve mask-based ventilatoren
dc.typeA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessäfi
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
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