Temperature variations in the dayside magnetosheath and their dependence on ion-scale magnetic structures

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2017-06-01
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
20
6165-6184
Series
JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SPACE PHYSICS, Volume 122, issue 6
Abstract
The magnetosheath contains an array of waves, instabilities, and nonlinear magnetic structures which modify global plasma properties by means of various wave-particle interactions. The present work demonstrates that ion-scale magnetic field structures (∼0.2–0.5 Hz) observed in the dayside magnetosheath are statistically correlated to ion temperature changes on orders 10–20% of the background value. In addition, our statistical analysis implies that larger temperature changes are in equipartition to larger amplitude magnetic structures. This effect was more pronounced behind the quasi-parallel bow shock and during faster solar wind speeds. The study of two separate intervals suggests that this effect can result from both local and external drivers. This manuscript presents two separate case studies, one from using THEMIS (Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms) data and another from Magnetospheric Multiscale; these measurements are then supported by extensive THEMIS statistical observations. These results could partly explain the 10–20% dawn-favored asymmetry of the magnetosheath ion temperature seed population and contribute to the dawn-favored asymmetry of cold component ions in the cold dense plasma sheet.
Description
Keywords
dawn-dusk asymmetry, ion heating, magnetosheath, nonadiabatic heating, wave-particle interaction
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Citation
Dimmock , A P , Osmane , A , Pulkkinen , T I , Nykyri , K & Kilpua , E K J 2017 , ' Temperature variations in the dayside magnetosheath and their dependence on ion-scale magnetic structures : THEMIS statistics and measurements by MMS ' , Journal of geophysical research: Space physics , vol. 122 , no. 6 , pp. 6165-6184 . https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023729