Optimal Probabilistic Work Extraction beyond the Free Energy Difference with a Single-Electron Device

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Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2019-04-18
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Language
en
Pages
1-6
Series
Physical Review Letters, Volume 122, issue 15
Abstract
We experimentally realize protocols that allow us to extract work beyond the free energy difference from a single-electron transistor at the single thermodynamic trajectory level. With two carefully designed out-of-equilibrium driving cycles featuring kicks of the control parameter, we demonstrate work extraction up to large fractions of kBT or with probabilities substantially greater than 1/2, despite the zero free energy difference over the cycle. Our results are explained in the framework of nonequilibrium fluctuation relations. We thus show that irreversibility can be used as a resource for optimal work extraction even in the absence of feedback from an external operator.
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Maillet , O , Erdman , P A , Cavina , V , Bhandari , B , Mannila , E T , Peltonen , J T , Mari , A , Taddei , F , Jarzynski , C , Giovannetti , V & Pekola , J P 2019 , ' Optimal Probabilistic Work Extraction beyond the Free Energy Difference with a Single-Electron Device ' , Physical Review Letters , vol. 122 , no. 15 , 150604 , pp. 1-6 . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.150604