Evaluation of energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions of electric city buses

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Volume Title
A3 Kirjan tai muun kokoomateoksen osa
Date
2019
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Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
104-120
Series
Electric Commercial Vehicles (ECV), VTT Technology, issue 348
Abstract
This research presents a complete breakdown analysis of the energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions for electric city buses. Different primary energy pathways for electricity are analysed in terms of energy efficiency and emissions. The energy losses for charging and bus operation are evaluated based on the simulations carried out in the Autonomie vehicle simulation software. Different types of driving cycles and operation conditions are used in simulations. The results show in detail the breakdown for the energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions for the different energy pathways.
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Citation
Lajunen , A & Tammi , K 2019 , Evaluation of energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions of electric city buses . in Electric Commercial Vehicles (ECV) : Final report . VTT Technology , no. 348 , VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland , pp. 104-120 .