Inclusion of chemical effect in a fully coupled THM finite element code
Conference article in proceedings
Unsaturated Soils, Volume 2
AbstractBentonite-rich clays can be used as a buffer / backfill material in deep geological repositories for nuclear waste. The prediction of the long-term performance of a buffer / backfill in such a complex environment, where the temperature, humidity and chemistry of water change, requires a fully thermo-hydro-mechanical-chemical (THMC) coupled numerical code. This paper presents a simple extension of a THM coupled finite element code to include chemical effects. After deriving the governing salt mass balance equation and discussing its implementation into the code, the paper verifies the extended framework against analytical solution for 1D salt transport. In addition, the article presents a validation example in which the code replicates experimental data. The numerical results obtained from the extended THMC coupled finite element code encourage further investigation of the chemical effects on the mechanical and thermal behaviour of the material. That would serve the ultimate goal of achieving a safer design ofthe nuclear waste storage facility.
Abed , A , Sołowski , W T , Romero , E & Gens , A 2018 , Inclusion of chemical effect in a fully coupled THM finite element code . in C Ng , A Leung , A Chiu & C Zhou (eds) , Unsaturated Soils . vol. 2 , Hong Kong University of Science and Technology , Hong Kong , pp. 827-832 , International Conference on Unsaturated Soils , Hong Kong , Hong Kong , 03/08/2018 .