Recovery of Gold as Nanoparticles from Gold-Poor Au-Cu-Cl Solutions

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023-08-17
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
16099–16109
Series
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Volume 127, issue 32
Abstract
Electrochemical methods for preparing functional surfaces typically use optimized solutions where competing reactions do not need to be considered. However, with the increased demand for resource efficiency, selective deposition methods that can make use of more complex solutions are gaining importance. In this study, we show how gold recovery as nanoparticles from Au-Cu-Cl solutions can be assisted by electrochemically generated Cu1+ species. In the electrochemically assisted reduction (EAR) method, a low-energy electrochemical step is employed, followed by spontaneous gold reduction onto the electrode. The studied solutions mimic challenging hydrometallurgical process solutions where the ratio of gold (5 ppm) to copper (20 g/L) is low. In addition to selective gold recovery, by controlling the electrochemical pulse parameters, the loss of deposits due to corrosion could be minimized, current efficiency improved from ∼0 to >10%, and relatively narrow particle size distributions achieved (43 ± 10 nm), and this can be done even at a high (4.5 M) NaCl concentration.
Description
Funding Information: This work was supported by the Academy of Finland project EARMetal (LC, KY, ML: 339979 and LC, KY, JV: 342080). The authors also acknowledge the RawMatTERS Finland Infrastructure funded by the Academy of Finland and located at Aalto University. Publisher Copyright: © 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.
Keywords
Other note
Citation
Herrala , R , Wang , Z , Vapaavuori , J , Lundström , M & Yliniemi , K 2023 , ' Recovery of Gold as Nanoparticles from Gold-Poor Au-Cu-Cl Solutions ' , Journal of Physical Chemistry C , vol. 127 , no. 32 , pp. 16099–16109 . https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.3c03135