The effect of mental health conditions on the use of oral anticoagulation therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation: the FinACAF study

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Date
2022-05
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Language
en
Pages
269-276
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European Heart Journal : Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes, Volume 8, issue 3
Abstract
Aims Little is known about the effects of mental health conditions (MHCs) on the utilization of oral anticoagulation (OAC) therapy in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. We aimed to assess whether MHCs affect initiation of OAC therapy among AF patients with special focus on non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs). Methods and results The Finnish AntiCoagulation in Atrial Fibrillation (FinACAF) registry included all 239 222 patients diagnosed with incident AF during 2007–18 in Finland identified from national registries covering primary to tertiary care and drug purchases. Patients with previous depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder, or schizophrenia diagnosis or a fulfilled psychiatric medication prescription within the year preceding the AF diagnosis were classified to have any MHC. The main outcome was OAC initiation, defined as first fulfilled OAC prescription after AF diagnosis. The patients’ mean age was 72.7 years and 49.8% were female. The prevalence of any MHC was 19.9%. A lower proportion of patients with any MHC compared with those without MHCs were initiated on OAC therapy (64.9% vs. 73.3%, P Conclusion MHCs are common among AF patients, and they are associated with a lower rate of OAC initiation even during the NOAC era.
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Jaakkola , J , Teppo , K , Biancari , F , Halminen , O , Putaala , J , Mustonen , P , Haukka , J , Linna , M , Kinnunen , J , Tiili , P , Aro , A L , Hartikainen , J , Airaksinen , K E J & Lehto , M 2022 , ' The effect of mental health conditions on the use of oral anticoagulation therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation: the FinACAF study ' , European Heart Journal : Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes , vol. 8 , no. 3 , pp. 269-276 . https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjqcco/qcab077