The employees’ perceptions of mindfulness and meditation regarding work performance: The case of staff members in KMS Technology Corporation

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School of Business | Bachelor's thesis
Degree programme
(Mikkeli) Bachelor’s Program in International Business
103 + 10
Objectives: The main purpose of this study is to answer the question whether mindfulness meditation training should be implemented in the workplace. In order to provide profound solutions to the inquiry, the thesis attempts to first identify the advantages and disadvantages of meditation practice, then discover the benefits, costs and challenges associated with mindfulness training, and finally explore the commonalities and differences in viewpoints of meditators and non-meditators on such programs in relation to work productivity. Summary: This thesis, with specific case study on KMS Technology Corporation, employs interview qualitative methodology to achieve the previous objectives. Total 11 participants were interviewed in which 8 are meditators and 3 are non-meditators. An interview session then occurs following a semi-structured form in order to understand the participants' perceptions of advantages, disadvantages and challenges associated with meditation technique in general and its implementation to the workplace in particular. Conclusions: Given all the benefits, costs and issues of meditation that have been elaborated in the literature review as well as findings and discussion, the answer for the question whether companies should implement the mindfulness session into the workplace is: it depends. It depends on the physical and mental characteristics of employees and on organizational culture to safeguard the factor of suitability. Meditation training in the workplace is like others interventions in which each has both positive and negative sides. It is indeed about the seriousness of employers in implementing the practice and their way of holding meditative sessions that make the difference. They have to be careful to evaluate all the pros, cons and challenges associated with the intervention as stated above. Moreover, they have to be prudent not to become overreliant on the mindfulness technique or misuse it in the workplace. Eventually, if the company decides to bring it into the office, they should make sure that they have sufficient resources such as experienced teachers and physical space to organize the interventions as well as a mature operational framework that has been shown to be effective and applicable. The organizations are also recommended to combine meditation training with other recreational activities to enhance the overall well-being of the workers, such as yoga, sports and retreats.
Thesis advisor
Warhurst, Russell
meditation, mindfulness, training, perception, work performance, work productivity, perception, non-meditator
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