A Coarse-Grained Molecular Model for Simulating Self-Healing of Bitumen

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2022-10
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
20
Series
Applied Sciences (Switzerland), Volume 12, issue 20
Abstract
The longevity of asphalt pavements is a key focus of road engineering, which closely relates to the self-healing ability of bitumen. Our work aims to establish a CGMD model and matched force field for bitumen and break through the limitations of the research scale to further explore the microscopic mechanism of bitumen self-healing. In this study, a CGMD mapping scheme containing 16 kinds of beads is proposed, and the non-bond potential energy function and bond potential energy function are calculated based on all-atom simulation to construct and validate a coarse-grained model for bitumen. On this basis, a micro-crack model with a width of 36.6nm is simulated, and the variation laws of potential energy, density, diffusion coefficient, relative concentration and temperature in the process of bitumen self-healing are analyzed with the cracking rate parameter proposed to characterize the degree of bitumen crack healing. The results show that the computational size of the coarse-grained simulation is much larger than that of the all-atom, which can explain the self-healing mechanism at the molecular level. In the self-healing process, non-bonded interactions dominate the molecular movement, and differences in the decreased rate of diffusion among the components indicate that saturates and aromatics play a major role in self-healing. Meanwhile, the variations in crack rates reveal that healing time is inversely proportional to temperature. The impact of increasing temperature on reducing healing time is most obvious when the temperature approaches the glass transition temperature (300 K).
Description
Funding Information: This research was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (52278440, 52111530134), China Education Association for International Exchange (2021090), General project of Chongqing Natural Science Foundation (cstc2020jcyjmsxmX0431). Publisher Copyright: © 2022 by the authors.
Keywords
bitumen, coarse-grained, force field, molecular dynamics, self-healing
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Citation
He, L, Zhou, Z, Ling, F, Alexiadis, A, Van den Bergh, W, Cannone Falchetto, A, Balieu, R, Zhu, J, Valentin, J, Kowalski, K J & Zhang, L 2022, ' A Coarse-Grained Molecular Model for Simulating Self-Healing of Bitumen ', Applied Sciences (Switzerland), vol. 12, no. 20, 10360 . https://doi.org/10.3390/app122010360